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Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by P. E. Kell

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 5 September 1789, the son of Matthias Abel. After schooling at Merchant Taylors', he was educated for the medical profession and served as a surgeon in Norwich. He is sometimes styled MD but it is not clear if he qualified as such. He accompanied ...

Article

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Scotland, probably in the area of North Berwick, Haddingtonshire. Nothing is known of his immediate family other than the existence of two sisters, Beth and Rabinah. He was educated at Edinburgh University, enrolling as an anatomy student for the year 1762–3. At his examination for the navy on 1 December 1768 he qualified as surgeon's first mate and on 1 November 1770 he was advanced to surgeon of a first-rate ship, subsequently serving in the ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Richard Drayton

Arnold, Joseph (1782–1818), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 28 December 1782 at Beccles, Suffolk, the fourth son of Edward Arnold, a tanner, and his wife, Hannah. He was apprenticed there to Dr Willing Crowfoot, surgeon and apothecary, and attended Edinburgh University from 1803, graduating MD in 1807. His interest in natural history led to communications to the ...

Article

Balfour, Edward Green (1813–1889), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 6 September 1813 in Montrose, the second son of Captain George Balfour of the East India Company marine service, and Susan Hume, a sister of Joseph Hume MP. After studying at the Montrose Academy...

Article

Beverly, Charles James (1788–1868), surgeon and naturalist, was born in August 1788 at Fort Augustus in the Scottish highlands, the son of a soldier stationed at the fort. He was apprenticed to a surgeon and entered the navy as assistant surgeon in 1810. For four years he served in the ...

Article

B. B. Woodward

revised by Yolanda Foote

Busk, George (1807–1886), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 12 August 1807 at St Petersburg, the second son of Robert Busk (1768–1835), merchant of St Petersburg, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Westly, a customs house clerk at St Petersburg. Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811)...

Article

Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Andrew Lambert

Coppinger, Richard William (1847–1910), naval surgeon and naturalist, born on 11 October 1847 in Dublin, was the youngest of the six sons of Joseph William Coppinger, a solicitor of Farmley, Dundrum, co. Dublin, and his wife, Agnes Mary, only daughter of William Lalor Cooke...

Article

Fleming, John (1747–1829), surgeon and naturalist, may have studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He joined the Indian Medical Service (IMS) in Bengal as an assistant surgeon in August 1768 and was promoted surgeon in December 1771. He became a member of the medical board from May 1786, and its president in December 1800....

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

McCormick, Robert (1800–1890), naval surgeon, explorer, and naturalist, born at Runham, near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, on 22 July 1800, was the only son of Robert McCormick (d. 1817), surgeon in the navy, son of Robert McCormick of Ballyreagh, co. Tyrone, where the family had been settled for several generations. He spent his childhood near ...

Article

B. B. Woodward

revised by Mark Harrison

Royle, John Forbes (1798–1858), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 20 May 1798 at Cawnpore, India, the only son of Captain William Henry Royle, in the service of the East India Company, who died while his son was a child. Educated at the ...

Article

G. S. Boulger

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Sinclair, Andrew (1794–1861), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 13 April 1794, the son of John Sinclair and Agnes Renfrew. Between 1814 and 1818 he studied medicine and surgery at the University of Glasgow, at L'hôpital de la Charité in ...

Article

Thompson, John Vaughan (1779–1847), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 19 November 1779, in Berwick, the son of John Thompson and his wife, Jane Hall, both of Berwick. That he had an early interest in the natural history of the area is demonstrated by the preparation, before he left ...