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Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by P. E. Kell

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 5 September 1789, the son of Matthias Abel. After schooling at Merchant Taylors', he was educated for the medical profession and served as a surgeon in Norwich. He is sometimes styled MD but it is not clear if he qualified as such. He accompanied ...

Article

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Scotland, probably in the area of North Berwick, Haddingtonshire. Nothing is known of his immediate family other than the existence of two sisters, Beth and Rabinah. He was educated at Edinburgh University, enrolling as an anatomy student for the year 1762–3. At his examination for the navy on 1 December 1768 he qualified as surgeon's first mate and on 1 November 1770 he was advanced to surgeon of a first-rate ship, subsequently serving in the ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Richard Drayton

Arnold, Joseph (1782–1818), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 28 December 1782 at Beccles, Suffolk, the fourth son of Edward Arnold, a tanner, and his wife, Hannah. He was apprenticed there to Dr Willing Crowfoot, surgeon and apothecary, and attended Edinburgh University from 1803, graduating MD in 1807. His interest in natural history led to communications to the ...

Article

Balfour, Edward Green (1813–1889), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 6 September 1813 in Montrose, the second son of Captain George Balfour of the East India Company marine service, and Susan Hume, a sister of Joseph Hume MP. After studying at the Montrose Academy...

Article

Baskerville, Thomas (1812–1840), surgeon and writer on botany, was born on 26 April 1812, and served a four-year medical apprenticeship to Mr Soulby, of Ash near Sandwich in Kent. From 1 December 1829 to 9 April 1834 he seems to have attended University College, London...

Article

Beverly, Charles James (1788–1868), surgeon and naturalist, was born in August 1788 at Fort Augustus in the Scottish highlands, the son of a soldier stationed at the fort. He was apprenticed to a surgeon and entered the navy as assistant surgeon in 1810. For four years he served in the ...

Article

Bigsby, John Jeremiah (1792–1881), surgeon and geologist, was born on 4 August 1792 in Nottingham, the son of Dr Jacob Bigsby and his wife, Mary. Like his father, he pursued a career in medicine. He was first sent to school at St Andrews...

Article

Blair, Patrick (c. 1680–1728), botanist and surgeon, was born at Lethendy, Perthshire, the third son of George Blair (d. 1682), a farmer, and his wife, Euphame. Little is known of his early life, and his date of birth is not certain. He was apprenticed to a surgeon-apothecary from the late 1680s, possibly in ...

Article

Blair, Robert (1748–1828), surgeon and maker of optical instruments, was born at Garvald, Haddingtonshire, the son of the minister Archibald Blair and his wife, Janet Barclay. After studying medicine at Edinburgh University he was apprenticed to Francis Balfour, surgeon in the Royal Navy...

Article

Brooke, Charles (1804–1879), surgeon and inventor of measuring instruments, only son of the mineralogist and businessman Henry James Brooke (1771–1857), was born on 30 June 1804, in South Lambeth, Surrey. Following an early education in Chiswick he entered Rugby School in 1819 and ...

Article

Bryden, James Lumsdaine (1833–1880), surgeon and medical statistician, was born in Edinburgh; little is known of his parents or his early life. He attended Edinburgh high school and then Edinburgh University, where he obtained the licentiateship of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh...

Article

Burnett, Gilbert Thomas (1800–1835), surgeon and botanist, was born in London on 15 April 1800, one of three children of Gilbert Burnett, surgeon, and his wife, Ann. He was reputedly a descendant of Bishop Gilbert Burnet (1643–1715). Educated by Joseph Benson (1778?–1861) at ...

Article

B. B. Woodward

revised by Yolanda Foote

Busk, George (1807–1886), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 12 August 1807 at St Petersburg, the second son of Robert Busk (1768–1835), merchant of St Petersburg, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Westly, a customs house clerk at St Petersburg. Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811)...

Article

Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by Patrick Wallis

Castle, Thomas (1805/6–1837), surgeon and botanist, was born in Kent, the youngest son of Slodden Castle, of Sandwich, Kent. After leaving school he became an apprentice of John Gill, a surgeon at Hythe; in his third year he began his first book, which he finished before going to ...

Article

Cooper, Thomas Henry (1813–1881), surgeon and botanist, was born in December 1813 at Lewes, Sussex, the second of four sons of Thomas Cooper, a solicitor in that town, and Lucy Elizabeth Durrant. He probably attended Lewes grammar school and at fifteen was apprenticed to a surgeon in ...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Andrew Lambert

Coppinger, Richard William (1847–1910), naval surgeon and naturalist, born on 11 October 1847 in Dublin, was the youngest of the six sons of Joseph William Coppinger, a solicitor of Farmley, Dundrum, co. Dublin, and his wife, Agnes Mary, only daughter of William Lalor Cooke...

Article

Cruickshank, William (d. 1810/11), military surgeon and chemist, was possibly born in north-east Scotland in the 1740s or 1750s. There is no record of his family, education, or early life, but he may be the William Cruickshank who graduated MA from King's College, Aberdeen...

Article

Daniell, William Freeman (1817–1865), surgeon and botanist, was born at Salford on 16 November 1817, one of three sons of George and Mary Daniell. Nothing is known of his early life or education; he became MRCS on 5 November 1841, at which time he gave a ...