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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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John Case (1540/41?41–1600) by unknown artist The President and Fellows of St John's College, Oxford

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Case, John (1540/41?–1600), philosopher and physician, was born at Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He may have received his grammar-school education in Woodstock, where there was certainly a school before 1571. After spending some time as a chorister at New College and Christ Church, he transferred to ...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by Sarah Bakewell

Duncan, Mark (d. 1640), physician and philosopher, was probably born in London to Thomas Duncan of Maxpoffle, Roxburghshire, and Janet, daughter of Patrick Oliphant of Sowdoun in the same county. He appears to have been educated partly in Scotland and partly on the continent. He took the degree of MD, but at what university is not known....

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Glisson, Francis (1599?–1677), physician and philosopher, was most probably born in 1599 in Bristol, the third of at least thirteen children of William Glisson, tailor, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Hancock of Kingsweston, Somerset, and South Perrott, Dorset. He attended the school at ...

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Francis Glisson (1599?–1677) by unknown artist, c. 1670 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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David Hartley (bap. 1705, d. 1757) by James Heath, pubd 1809 (after John Shackleton) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hartley, David (bap. 1705, d. 1757), philosopher and physician, was baptized on 21 June 1705 at St John's, Halifax, Yorkshire. His father was David Hartley (1674–1720), BA 1695, Lincoln College, Oxford, a clergyman who served at Luddenden (1698–1705); Illingworth, Halifax (1705–17); and Armley, Leeds...

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James Hinton (1822–1875) by Charles Henry Jeens, 1876 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hinton, James (1822–1875), otologist and writer on philosophy, second son of John Howard Hinton (1791–1873), Baptist minister, was born at Reading, Berkshire. He was educated by his uncle at a school in Old Butcher Row, Oxford, which was founded by his grandfather, and afterwards at a school for nonconformists at ...

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Jack [Jacchaeus], Gilbert (bap. 1577, d. 1628), philosopher and physician, baptized in Aberdeen on 23 May 1577, was the son of Isabel Cargill and Andrew Jack, a merchant who died when Gilbert was still young. His mother then entrusted his upbringing to Thomas Cargill...

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See Mackail, Matthew

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Morgan, Conwy Lloyd (1852–1936), comparative psychologist and philosopher, was born in London on 6 February 1852, the second son of James Arthur Morgan, solicitor, and his wife, Mary Anderson. He received his early education at Brenchley, Kent, and at the Royal Grammar School, Guildford...

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Robertson, George Croom (1842–1892), philosopher and psychologist, was born in Aberdeen on 10 March 1842, the sixth child of Charles Robertson, an ironmonger, and his wife, Marjorie Laing. A precocious child of delicate health, he was educated at local schools until the age of fifteen, when he won a bursary at ...

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Sully, James (1842–1923), philosopher and psychologist, was born on 3 March 1842 at Salmon Parade, Bridgwater, Somerset, the eldest son of the eight children of James Wood Sully, a liberal Baptist merchant and shipowner, and his wife, Eliza Fender. In 1859, having attended various dame-schools in ...

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W. R. Sorley

revised by Terrie M. Romano

Ward, James (1843–1925), philosopher and psychologist, was born at Hull on 27 January 1843, the eldest of the nine children of James Ward and his wife, Hannah Aston. His father was a clever and ambitious, but extremely unsuccessful, merchant, whose frequent business failures were a burden to the family. ...

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Wilson, Andrew (1718–1792), philosopher and medical writer, was the only son of Gabriel Wilson (1697–1750), parish minister at Maxton in Roxburghshire, and his wife, Rachel Corsan (or Carson). Gabriel Wilson was involved in doctrinal controversy in the Church of Scotland, first supporting antinomian doctrines in the Marrow controversy and, later in life, the views of the Glasites. ...