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Article

Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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William Pulteney Alison (1790–1859) by John Henry Robinson, pubd 1849 (after George Richmond, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Neil Arnott (1788–1874) by Smyth (after Jabez Hogg) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Ayrton [née Chaplin], Matilda Charlotte (1846–1883), physician, was born in Honfleur, France, the daughter of John Clarke Chaplin, a solicitor. Her early studies were in drawing and painting and she used her artistic talents throughout her subsequent career. But she began what was to prove a long struggle to qualify as a doctor about 1867. She attended classes at the ...

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Blake, Sophia Louisa Jex- (1840–1912), physician and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 21 January 1840 at 3 Croft Place, Hastings, Sussex. She was the youngest of the three surviving children of Thomas Jex-Blake (1790–1868), proctor of Doctors' Commons, and his wife, ...

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Sophia Louisa Jex- Blake (1840–1912) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

F. H. Brown

revised by Mark Harrison

Blaney, Thomas (1823–1903), physician and philanthropist, was born at Caherconlish, Pallas Green, co. Limerick, Ireland, on 24 May 1823. Of humble origin, he went out to Bombay with his parents when only three. Ten years later, in 1836, he was apprenticed to the subordinate medical department of the ...

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Carpenter, Alfred John (1825–1892), physician and propagandist for the cause of sewage farming, the son of John William Carpenter, surgeon, of Rothwell, Northamptonshire, was born at Rothwell on 28 May 1825. He attended Moulton grammar school in Lincolnshire, before becoming a pupil of ...

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Clark, Hilda (1881–1955), physician and humanitarian aid worker, was born on 12 January 1881 at Green Bank, Street, Somerset, the youngest of the six children of William Stephens Clark (1839–1925), shoe manufacturer and social reformer, and Helen Priestman Clark (1840–1927), daughter of John Bright (1811–1889)...

Article

See Crofton, Sir John Wenman

Article

Crofton, Sir John Wenman (1912–2009), physician and public health campaigner, was born on 27 March 1912 at 55 Merrion Square, Dublin, the son of William Mervyn Crofton, medical practitioner, and his wife, Mary Josephine, née Abbott. A happy childhood included education at schools in ...

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Fairfield, (Josephine) Letitia Denny (1885–1978), public health physician and campaigner for social reform, was born on 10 March 1885 at 26 Acland Street, St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia, the eldest of three daughters of Charles Fairfield (c.1842–1906), journalist, and his wife, Isabella Campbell Mackenzie (...

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Ferris, Elizabeth Anne Esther [Liz] (1940–2012), diver, doctor, and campaigner for gender equality in sport, was born on 19 November 1940 at the Mary Stanley Nursing Home in Bridgwater, Somerset, the second of three daughters and third of four children of Roy Ferris (1903–1975)...

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Elizabeth Anne Esther Ferris (1940–2012) by David Lees, 1960 © Getty Images

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Sir George Edward Godber (1908–2009) by Nick Sinclair, 1994 © Nick Sinclair, commissioned by the BMJ

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Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician, was born on 4 August 1908 at 18 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire, the eldest son in the family of seven children of Isaac Godber (1874–1957), market gardener, and his wife, Bessie Maud, née Chapman (1883/4–1957), florist. A younger brother, ...

Article

Francis Watt

revised by Anita McConnell

Gordon, William (1800–1849), physician and philanthropist, was born at Fountains Hall, near Ripon, Yorkshire, on 2 August 1800. He attended Ripon grammar school, and was then articled to a general practitioner at Otley. After two years he left to study medicine, briefly in ...