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Cropper, James (1773–1840), merchant and philanthropist, was born at Winstanley, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Cropper and his wife, Rebecca, née Winstanley. The Croppers were birthright members of the Society of Friends and small-scale farmers. James, however, was sufficiently ambitious to leave home at the age of seventeen to become apprenticed to ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by M. W. Kirby

Rathbone, William (1757–1809), merchant and philanthropist, the eldest son of William Rathbone (1726–1789) and his first wife, Rachel Rutter, was born at Liverpool. The family, originally sawyers from Gawsworth, Cheshire, migrated to Liverpool before 1730 to become timber merchants and ultimately shipbuilders and shipowners. By 1868 four generations of the family had been engaged in trade, having fulfilled a critical role in the commercial expansion of ...

Article

Redwood, Abraham (1709–1788), philanthropist and merchant in America, was born on 15 April 1709 in Antigua, the third of the six children of Abraham Redwood (1665–1729), sea captain and plantation owner, and his wife, Mehetable (c.1676–1715), daughter of Jonas and Mary Langford...