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Anderson, Sir John (1814–1886), inventor of ordnance manufacture machinery and arsenal manager, was born at Woodside, near Aberdeen, on 9 December 1814, the posthumous child of a local merchant, J. Anderson, and his wife, Helen Hosie. His mother remarried and his stepfather, Irvine Kempt...

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Bickford, William (bap. 1774, d. 1834), currier and inventor of the safety fuse, was baptized in Ashburton, Devon, on 23 January 1774, the son of William and Mary Beckford. He was in business as a currier, dressing and colouring tanned leather, first rather unsuccessfully in ...

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Call, Sir John, first baronet (1732–1801), East India Company servant and military engineer, was born on 30 June 1732 at Fenny Park, near Tiverton, Devon, the son of John Call (1704–1766) of Prestacott in Launcells, Cornwall, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Mill...

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Hale, William (1797–1870), rocket inventor and entrepreneur, was born on 21 October 1797 in Colchester, Essex, the son of Robert Hale, baker, and his wife, Elizabeth, and may have been descended from Sir Matthew Hale, lord chief justice.

Hale's early education is unknown, but his maternal grandfather, ...

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Molyneux, Emery (d. 1598), maker of globes and ordnance, came, according to Petruccio Ubaldini, who knew him, 'of obscure and humble family background' (Crinò and Wallis, 14) and was probably the Emery Molynox who was presented as William Cooke's apprentice to the ...

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Noble, Sir Andrew, first baronet (1831–1915), industrialist and expert in artillery, the third son of the twelve children of George Noble (d. 1847), a retired naval captain of Greenock, Renfrewshire, and his wife, Georgiana, only daughter of Andrew Donald Moore of Ottercaps, Virginia, USA...

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Scott, Henry Young Darracott (1822–1883), inventor of selenitic cement and military engineer, second son of Edward Scott, a quarry owner, was born at Plymouth, Devon, on 2 January 1822. He was educated privately and entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, in 1838. Commissioned as second lieutenant in 1840, early the next year ...

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Henry Young Darracott Scott (1822–1883) by unknown engraver, pubd 1883 © National Portrait Gallery, London