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Allibone [Allibond], Sir Richard (1636–1688), judge, was the son of Job Allibone (bap. 1599, d. 1672). Allibone's paternal grandfather, Peter Allibond, served as rector of Chenies, Buckinghamshire, until his death in 1629, but Job Allibone broke with the family religion and converted to Roman Catholicism. For this act he was disinherited, but he managed to secure himself a place in the ...

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Allott, Antony Nicolas [Tony] (1924–2002), jurist and magistrate, was born on 30 June 1924 at home, Leomont, in Jump, a mining village near Barnsley, Yorkshire, the first son and third of the nine children of Reginald William Allott (1892–1970), steelworks manager, and his wife, ...

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Sir Edmund Anderson (1530?–1605) by unknown artist, 1590s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge, was born at Flixborough, Lincolnshire, the third son of Edward Anderson, landowner, and his wife, Joan Clayton. He was descended from Northumberland gentry but the family migrated to Lincolnshire before he was born. Anderson is said to have spent a brief period at ...

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Babington, Sir William (c. 1370–1454), justice, was from an ancient Northumberland family, whose members had, by the mid-fourteenth century, abandoned their interests there in favour first of Cambridgeshire and then of Nottinghamshire, where they had long held a manor at Rolleston near Newark...

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Baillie, William, of Provand (d. 1593), judge, was the son of Alexander Baillie of Carfin, Lanarkshire. No siblings are definitely known, though in his testament a legacy was left to James, son of the late Thomas Baillie, the latter having possibly been William's...

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P. B. Austin

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Ball, Nicholas (1791–1865), judge and politician, was born in Dublin, the son of John Ball (1728–1804), silk mercer of Dublin, and his wife, Mabel Clare, née Bennett. Ball, a Catholic, was educated at Stonyhurst College, Lancashire, and at Trinity College, Dublin (1808–12), where his contemporaries included ...

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Barre, Richard (b. c. 1130, d. in or after 1202), ecclesiastic and justice, was related to the Sifrewasts, Berkshire knights who also held land at their ancestral centre, Chiffrevast, in Normandy. Some time before 1150 he studied law at Bologna, where he was a fellow student of the canonist ...

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Barry, Charles Robert (1823–1897), judge, was born on 3 January 1823, the eldest son of James Barry, a solicitor in Limerick, and his wife, Ellen Purcell. Educated at Dalton's School, Limerick, and Midleton College, co. Cork, he matriculated for Trinity College, Dublin, in 1840, graduated BA there in 1845, and proceeded MA in 1862. His career in ...

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Beaufou [Beaufeu], Roger [Roger de Bello Fago] (d. 1309), justice, was probably a younger son of Richard de Beaufou of Waterperry in Oxfordshire. He is first mentioned acting as an attorney in a case of 1278. Law reports show that he was a serjeant in the 1293 ...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by John Hudson

Bendings, William (d. c. 1197), justice, first appears in the royal financial records of 1170/71. According to Gerald of Wales, he was sent to Ireland by Henry II in 1176 as one of four envoys, of whom two were to remain with the viceroy, ...

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Carus, Thomas (c. 1510–1571), judge, was the son of William Carus of Asthwaite, Westmorland, and Isabel, daughter of Thomas Leyburn of Cunswick in the same county. He became a member of the Middle Temple about 1530, a period for which the inn records are lost. Although he inherited and acquired land in ...

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Chalmers [Chambers], David, of Ormond (c. 1533–1592), historian and judge, was a younger son of Andrew Chalmers (fl. 1528–1554) of Strichen, Aberdeenshire, and his wife, Christine Fraser (fl. 1528–1554). He probably studied in Aberdeen (in the 1540s–1550s?) and certainly did so in ...

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Day, Sir John Charles Frederic Sigismund (1826–1908), judge, was born at The Hague on 20 June 1826, the eldest son of Captain John Day (1779–1843), a half-pay officer, of Englishbatch, near Bath, and his Dutch wife, Emilie (1789/90–1836), daughter of Jan Caspar Hartsinck...

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G. F. R. Barker

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Deasy, Rickard (1812–1883), judge, was born at Clonakilty, co. Cork, on 23 December 1812, the second son of Rickard Deasy (1766–1852), of Clonakilty, brewer, and his wife, Mary Anne, née Caller (d. 1853). He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated BA in 1833, MA in 1847, and LLB and LLD in 1860. He was called to the ...

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Devlin, Patrick Arthur, Baron Devlin (1905–1992), judge and legal philosopher, was born at Chislehurst, Kent, on 25 November 1905, the eldest of three sons and second of five children of William John Devlin (d. 1932), architect, and his wife, Frances Evelyn (Fanny), ...

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Patrick Arthur Devlin, Baron Devlin (1905–1992) by John Ward, 1972 Gray's Inn Library; photography by Paul Willatts

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Dillon, Sir Lucas (d. 1592), judge, was the eldest son and heir of Sir Robert Dillon (d. 1579?), of Newtown Trim, co. Meath, chief justice of common pleas, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Barnewall of Crickstown. He was probably born after 1530 and entered the ...

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Dillon, Sir Robert (d. 1579?), judge, was the third son of James Dillon of Riverston, co. Meath, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew Bathe of Dollardstown. His father was chief remembrancer and second baron of the exchequer about 1499. Robert probably received legal training at the inns of court, since nearly all of his contemporaries were in residence there prior to commencing their legal careers in ...

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Duffy, Sir Frank Gavan (1852–1936), judge, was born in Dublin on 29 February 1852, the elder son of the Irish nationalist and colonial politician Charles Gavan Duffy (1816–1903) and his second wife, Susan (1826–1878), daughter of Philip Hughes, of Newry, co. Down. He was educated at ...