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Charles Abbott, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, 1820 (after William Owen, exh. RA 1819) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abbott, Charles, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832), judge, was born in Canterbury on 7 October 1762, the second son of John Abbott (d. 1785), a hairdresser, with a shop opposite the western portal of the cathedral, and his wife, Alice, née Bunce (...

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A'Beckett, Sir William (1806–1869), judge, was born on 28 July 1806 in London, the eldest son of William A'Beckett (1777–1855), solicitor, and his wife, Sarah, née Abbott. After attending Westminster School and serving articles with his father, he determined on the bar and was called at ...

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Acherley, Roger (bap. 1662?, d. 1740), political writer and lawyer, was the son of John Acherley of Stanwardine, in the parish of Baschurch, Shropshire; he may have been Roger Atcherley, son of John and Mary Atcherley, who was baptized at Baschurch on 23 December 1662. He entered the ...

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Ackner, Desmond James Conrad, Baron Ackner (1920–2006), judge, was born at 90 Highbury New Park, Islington, London, on 18 September 1920, the son of an immigrant Viennese dentist, Conrad Ackner, who had a fashionable practice in Wimpole Street, and his wife, (Rosine) Rhoda, née Tuck...

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W. O. Hart

revised by Alec Samuels

Acton, Sir Edward (1865–1945), judge, was born at Stretford in Lancashire on 6 November 1865, the son of Henry Morell Acton (1828–1907) [see under Acton, Henry], one of the editors of the Manchester Guardian, and his wife, Anne Shaw, daughter of ...

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Adams, Fanny (1859–1867), murder victim and source of a colloquial expression, was born on 30 April 1859 in Tanhouse Lane, Alton, Hampshire, the fourth of seven children of George Adams (b. 1830), a labourer, later a bricklayer, and his wife, Harriet Mills (...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Jonathan Harris

Adams, William (1772–1851), lawyer and diplomatist, the youngest son of Patience Thomas Adams, filazer of the court of king's bench, and Martha, daughter of Thomas Marsh, was born at 39 Hatton Garden, London, on 13 January 1772. On his father's side he was connected with an old ...

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Francis Espinasse

revised by Richard Maxwell

Adolphus, John Leycester (bap. 1794, d. 1862), barrister and writer, was baptized on 28 August 1794 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, London, the son of John Adolphus (1768–1845), barrister and historian, and Martha Elizabeth, née Leycester (d. 1843). He had a sister, Emily, later Henderson...

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Aland, John Fortescue, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746), judge, was born on 7 March 1670, the second son of Edmund Fortescue of Bierton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Sarah, daughter (and ultimately heir) of Henry Aland of Waterford. On his father's side he was a descendant of ...

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John Fortescue Aland, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746) by John Faber junior, 1733 (after Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1720) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alderson, Sir Edward Hall (bap. 1787, d. 1857), law reporter and judge, was baptized on 10 September 1787 at Great Yarmouth Presbyterian Old Meeting Chapel, the eldest son of Robert Alderson (d. 1833), barrister and recorder of Norwich, and his first wife, ...

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Alexander, James (1691–1756), lawyer and politician, was born on 27 May 1691 at Muthill, Perthshire, Scotland, the son of David Alexander. His mother's name is unknown. His grandfather was a descendant of the first earl of Stirling, but his father had no claim to be counted among the nobility. ...

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Alford, Francis (c. 1530–1592), civil lawyer and member of parliament, was the second son of Robert Alford (d. 1546) and his wife, Anne Brydges. He gained a BA degree at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1549 and was admitted to Christ Church, Oxford...

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Allan [Allen], James [Jimmy] (1734–1810), Northumbrian piper and rogue, was born at Hepple, Northumberland, probably in March 1734, and baptized at Rothbury, Northumberland, on 21 April 1734, the son of William Allan or Allen, also known as Wull Faa, a noted vermin hunter and performer on the Northumbrian small pipes. ...

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Allen, Anthony (1685–1754), barrister and antiquary, was born on 3 June 1685 and baptized at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, two days later, the fourth surviving son of William Allen (d. 1698), of Much Hadham, and his wife, Bridget James. After attending Bishop's Stortford School...

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Altham, Sir James (c. 1555–1617), judge, was the third son of James Altham (1525?–1583), a prosperous London merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth, the sister of Sir Thomas Blank, lord mayor of London in 1582. His mother died in 1558; his father then married the formidable widow of ...

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Andrew Amos (1791–1860) by James Henry Lynch (after Samuel Laurence) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amos, Andrew (1791–1860), jurist, was born on 15 July 1791 in Calcutta, the youngest son of James Amos, a wealthy merchant in the service of the East India Company, and Cornelia Francina Bonté, daughter of General Bonté, a Swiss officer in the Dutch service. The ...

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Amos, Sir (Percy) Maurice Maclardie Sheldon (1872–1940), judge, was born at East Street, Gray's Inn Road, London, on 15 June 1872, the eldest child and only son of Sheldon Amos (1835–1886) and his wife, Sarah Maclardie Amos (1840/41–1908), daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting...