Clay, John (1796–1858), prison chaplain, was born in Liverpool on 10 May 1796, the fifth son of Thomas Clay (d. 1821), ship- and anchorsmith, and his wife, Mary Lowe. He was a sickly child and was seen by the family as having learning difficulties. He was sent to ...
Kingsmill, Joseph (1805/6–1865), penologist and prison chaplain, was born in co. Kilkenny, Ireland, the son of Thomas Kingsmill. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1826, was prizeman in classics and divinity, and proceeded to his BA in 1831 and MA in 1836. He was ordained deacon in 1831 by the bishop of ...
Morrison, William Douglas (1852–1943), criminologist and prison chaplain, was born at Kirriemuir, Forfarshire, on 15 May 1852, the son of Robert Southmuir Morrison, a merchant, and Ann Donald-William. Educated at nearby Trinity College, Glenalmond, he was ordained deacon in 1877 and priest in 1878 by the bishop of ...
revised by James Sambrook
Purney, Thomas (1695–1730