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Agnew, Sir Andrew, of Lochnaw, fifth baronet (1687–1771), army officer, was born on 21 December 1687 at Innermessan Castle, Wigtownshire, the eldest son of the twenty-one children of Sir James Agnew, fourth baronet (c.1660–1735), and his wife, Mary (c.1652–1742)...

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Aitchison, Sir John (1789–1875), army officer, was born on 25 April 1789 in Tranent, East Lothian, the third son of William Aitchison (1753–1839) of Drummore, East Lothian, distiller and landowner, and his wife, Jane (1764–1833), eldest daughter of James Mylne (1738/9–1788), poet and tenant farmer, of ...

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Alison, Sir Archibald, second baronet (1826–1907), army officer, was born at Edinburgh on 21 January 1826, the eldest son of Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet (1792–1867), historian, and his wife, Elizabeth Glencairn (1799–1873), youngest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel William Tytler. In 1835 Possil House...

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Sir Archibald Alison, second baronet (1826–1907) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baillie, William (d. 1653), army officer, was the son of Sir William Baillie of Lamington, an adherent of Mary, queen of Scots. His mother was a daughter of Sir Alexander Hume, lord provost of Edinburgh, and he was born illegitimate while his father's first wife, ...

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Sir David Baird, first baronet (1757–1829) by Thomas Hodgetts (after Sir Henry Raeburn, exh. RA 1814) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baird, Sir David, first baronet (1757–1829), army officer, was born on 26 December 1757 at Newbyth, Haddingtonshire, the fifth son of William Baird (c.1711–1766), merchant, and Alicia, née Johnstone, of Hiltown, Berwick (d. c.1787). Baird's siblings included five sisters, two older, two younger, and one close in age, and two younger brothers. Within years of his birth the family moved to ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stephen Conway

Balfour, Nisbet (1743–1823), army officer, was born at Dunbog, Fife, the son of Henry Balfour, laird of Dunbog, and his wife, Katherine Porterfield. He and his four brothers all entered the army, as had their father before them. The family expended much of its money on buying commissions; in February 1778 ...

Article

See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Philip A. Hunt

Beatson, Robert (1741–1818), writer and army officer, was born at Vicarsgrange, Dysart, Fife, on 25 June 1741, the eldest son of David Beatson (d. 1785) of Vicarsgrange and his wife and cousin, Jean, daughter of Robert Beatson of Kilrie, the descendant of a local laird. His father enjoyed the patronage of the ...

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Bethune, Sir Henry, first baronet and de jure ninth earl of Lindsay (1787–1851), army officer, the eldest child of Major Martin Eccles Lindsay Bethune (d. 1813), commissary-general in Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Augusta (née Tovey), was born at Hilton, near ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Jonathan Spain

Blackadder [Blackader], John (1664–1729), army officer, was the fifth son of John Blackadder the elder (1615/1623?–1686) and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688), and was born in the parish of Glencairn, Dumfriesshire, on 14 September 1664. William Blackadder (1647–1696) and Adam Blackadder (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696)...

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Brown, Sir George (1790–1865), army officer, third son of George Brown, provost of Elgin, and his wife, the daughter of Lord Provost Clark of Aberdeen, was born at Linkwood, near Elgin, on 3 July 1790, into a family with 'many military heroes since the days of ...

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Sir George Brown (1790–1865) by Roger Fenton, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841) by Anton Graff, 1787 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Bruce, Thomas, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841), diplomatist and army officer, was born at the family home, Broomhall, Fife, Scotland, on 20 July 1766, the son of Charles Bruce, fifth earl of Elgin and ninth earl of Kincardine...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by James Lunt

Cameron, Sir Alexander (1781–1850), army officer, a younger son of Alexander Cameron of Inverailort, Argyll, and his wife, the daughter of Alexander M'Donald of Achtrichan, was born at Inverailort. On 22 October 1797 he received a commission as ensign in the Breadalbane fencibles...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stewart M. Fraser

Cameron, Sir John (1773–1844), army officer, born on 3 January 1773, was the second son of John Cameron of Calchenna, and nephew of John Cameron of Caltort, the head of a branch of clan Cameron, and a descendant of Lochiel. He was educated at ...

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Campbell, Sir Alexander, first baronet (1760–1824), army officer, was born on 20 August 1760, the fourth son of John Campbell of Baleed, Perthshire, of a branch of the Breadalbane Campbells, and his wife, Isabella, daughter of John Campbell of Barcaldine. He entered the army by purchasing an ensign's commission in the ...

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Campbell, Sir Archibald (1739–1791), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 21 August 1739 and baptized on 25 August at Inveraray, Argyll, the second son of James Campbell (1706–1760), commissary of the western isles of Scotland and chamberlain to the duke of Argyll...