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Arundell, Thomas, first Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1560–1639), army officer, was the son and heir of Sir Matthew Arundell (1532×4–1598) of Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, and his wife, Anne. His father inherited extensive former monastic lands, serving as high sheriff, custos-rotulorum, and deputy lieutenant of ...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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Barnewall, Nicholas, third Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (1668–1725), politician and army officer, was born on 15 April 1668, probably at the family seat, Turvey, in the parish of Donabate, co. Dublin, the son of Henry Barnewall, second Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (d...

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Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of Charles II, naturalized in 1675, and grandson of the Genoese diplomat Count Philip de Bernardi...

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Bouquet, Henry (1719–1765), army officer and military writer, was born at Rolle in the Pays de Vaud, Switzerland. In 1736 he joined the regiment of Constant in the service of the states general of the United Provinces as a cadet, and in 1738 became an ensign. He distinguished himself while serving with the Sardinian forces in the War of the Austrian Succession, and in 1748 was appointed captain-commandant and lieutenant-colonel of a new regiment of ...

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Bulfin, Sir Edward Stanislaus (1862–1939), army officer, was born in Dublin on 6 November 1862, the second son of Patrick Bulfin JP, of Woodtown Park, Rathfarnham, co. Dublin, and his wife, Teresa Clare (née Carroll). He was educated at Stonyhurst College (1873–6), ...

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Butler, Pierce, styled third Viscount Galmoye, and Jacobite earl of Newcastle (1652–1740), army officer, was born on 21 March 1652, the son of Edward Butler, second Viscount Galmoye (c.1627–1667), and Eleanor, daughter of Charles White of Leixlip, co. Kildare, and widow of ...

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Butler, Sir William Francis (1838–1910), army officer and author, was born on 31 October 1838 at Ballyslateen, Suirville, co. Tipperary, the seventh child of Richard and Ellen Butler, who were Roman Catholics. Although descended from the earls of Ormond, the family were small landowners and suffered particularly through the famine of 1846–7, which made a lasting impression on ...

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Calvert [formerly Lazenby Calvert], Charles (c. 1688–1734), army officer and colonial governor, may have been the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), proprietor of Maryland. The reasons for his former name Lazenby are uncertain, but most likely it indicates a connection with the ...

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E. T. Williams

revised by Gary Sheffield

Carton de Wiart, Sir Adrian (1880–1963), army officer, was born in Brussels on 5 May 1880, the eldest son of Léon Constant Ghislain Carton de Wiart (1854–1915), barrister, who later moved to Cairo, and his first wife, M. I. James, who died when the boy was six. He was educated at the ...

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Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart (1880–1963) by Sir William Orpen, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by James Lunt

Chichester, Sir Charles (1795–1847), army officer, was born on 16 March 1795. He belonged to the Calverleigh branch of that ancient family. He was the second son of Charles Joseph Chichester of Calverleigh Court, Devon, and his wife, Mary Honoria (d. 1831)...

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Chisholm, Archibald Macra (1824–1897), army officer and shinty player, was born on 5 July 1824 at Taewig on the banks of the River Glass, in Strathglass, in the parish of Kilmorack, Inverness-shire, the eldest son of Dr Stewart Chisholm (d. 1862), deputy inspector-general of ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by M. G. M. Jones

Clifford, Sir Henry Hugh (1826–1883), army officer, third son of Hugh Charles Clifford, seventh Baron Clifford of Chudleigh (1790–1858), and Mary Lucy (1799–1831), only daughter of Thomas Weld of Lulworth Castle, Dorset, was born on 12 September 1826 at Irnham Hall, Lincolnshire. He was educated at ...

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Cotter, Sir James (d. 1705), army officer and colonial governor, was the second son of Edmond Cotter (d. 1660), landowner, and Elizabeth Connell, the daughter of John Connell of Barryscourt. Little is known of Cotter's early life, though he may have served with the royalists during the English civil war. His first confirmed action seems to have been involvement in an abortive attempt to assassinate a number of those involved in the execution of ...

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Dame (Mary) Frances Coulshed (1904–1998) by Walter Stoneman, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Coulshed, Dame (Mary) Frances (1904–1998), army officer, was born at 49 Lynmouth Road, Ecclesall, Sheffield, on 10 November 1904, the daughter of Wilfred Coulshed, a chemist who died when she was six years old, and his wife, Maude Mullin, a teacher. She was educated at ...

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Cowans, Sir John Steven (1862–1921), army officer, was born on 11 March 1862, at Woodbank, St Cuthbert Without, Carlisle, the eldest son of John Cowans and his wife, Jeannie (née Steven). His father was a prominent civil engineer, who founded Cowans, Sheldon & Co....

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Dalbier, John (d. 1648), army officer, is of unknown origin. He was said by Sir Thomas Roe to have been a felt dresser in Strasbourg, although this could have been a disparaging comment, and it was also said that he had a wife in ...

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Dillon, Sir James (b. c. 1600, d. in or after 1669), army officer, was probably born at Kilfaughny, co. Westmeath, the eighth and youngest son of nineteen children of Theobald, first Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen (d. 1624), an extensive landowner in Connaught...