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Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Abbott, Sir James (1807–1896), army officer, third son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, was born on 12 March 1807. He was the brother of ...

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Sir James Abbott (1807–1896) by B. Baldwin, 1841 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by S. J. Skedd

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas Acland, seventh baronet (1722–1785), a landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Adam, Sir Ronald Forbes, second baronet (1885–1982), army officer, was born on 30 October 1885 in Bombay, the eldest son of Sir Frank Forbes Adam, first baronet (1846–1926), a Scot who was a well-known industrialist in Lancashire and Bombay, and his wife, Rose Frances Kemball (1863–1944)...

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Adams, Thomas (1730?–1764), army officer, remains of unknown birth and parentage. He commenced his military service in 1747 as a volunteer with the army under the command of the duke of Cumberland in the Netherlands. On 25 June of the same year he obtained a commission as ensign in the ...

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Sir John Miller Adye (1819–1900) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 (after Fradelle) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Adye, Sir John Miller (1819–1900), army officer, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, on 1 November 1819, the son of Major James Pattison Adye, Royal Artillery, and Jane, daughter of J. Mortimer Kelson of Sevenoaks. His grandfather Major Stephen Payne Adye, Royal Artillery, had three sons in the regiment. ...

Article

Adye, Stephen Payne (d. 1794), army officer and writer on military justice, entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, as a cadet in June 1757, and was appointed second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery in September 1762; he was promoted first lieutenant in May 1766, captain lieutenant in March 1773, and captain in June 1780. After the Seven Years' War he was on the staff of ...

Article

E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Airey, Sir James Talbot (1812–1898), army officer, born on 6 September 1812, was the son of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine, sister of the second Baron Talbot de Malahide. Richard Airey was his brother. He was commissioned ensign in the ...

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Airey, Richard, Baron Airey (1803–1881), army officer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne in April 1803, the eldest son from the six boys and three girls of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine Talbot (d. 1852), third daughter of ...

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Richard Airey, Baron Airey (1803–1881) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1878 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Alderson, Sir Edwin Alfred Hervey (1859–1927), army officer, was born at Capel St Mary, Suffolk, on 8 April 1859, the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Mott Alderson, of Poyle House, Ipswich, and his wife, Catherine Harriett Swainson. In 1876 he joined the Prince of Wales's Own Norfolk artillery militia...

Article

J. H. Leslie

revised by James Lunt

Alderson, Sir Henry James (1834–1909), army officer, was born at Quebec on 22 May 1834, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Carr Alderson (1793–1849), Royal Engineers, and his wife, Maria , daughter of Henry Thorold of Cuxwold, Lincolnshire. John Alderson (bap. 1757, d. 1829), physician, was his grandfather. Educated at ...

Article

Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, first Viscount Allenby of Megiddo (1861–1936), army officer, was born on 23 April 1861, St George's day, on the estate of his mother's family at Brackenhurst Hall, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire, the second child and eldest son of six children (three boys, three girls) of ...

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Jeffrey Amherst, first Baron Amherst (1717–1797) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1765 Mead Art Museum, Amherst College; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amherst, Jeffrey, first Baron Amherst (1717–1797), army officer, was born on 29 January 1717 at Brooks Place, Riverhead, Kent, the second son of Jeffrey Amherst (d. 1750) and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1751), daughter of Thomas Kerrill of Hadlow, Kent. John Amherst...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by A. G. L. Shaw

Anderson, Joseph (1790–1877), army officer and colonist, was born on 1 July 1790 at Keoldale, Sutherland, Scotland, the son of James Anderson of Rispond and his wife, Fairly Gordon. In 1805 he was appointed an ensign in the 78th highlanders, with which he served in ...

Article

J. N. Kennedy

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Anderson, Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel (1891–1959), army officer, was born at Dhazwar, Madras, on 25 December 1891, the only son of Sir Arthur Robert Anderson (1860–1924), a Scottish railway engineer, and his wife, Gertrude, daughter of J. D. Fraser of Tiverton. He was educated at ...

Article

Anderson, Sir (Warren) Hastings (1872–1930), army officer, was born at the barracks, Aldershot, on 9 January 1872, the eldest son of Lieutenant-General David Anderson, governor of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst (1886–8), and temporary commander of the Aldershot garrison, and his wife, Charlotte Christina...