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Article

Ronald Bayne

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer, was born near Paradise Gardens, Hackney, Middlesex, on 31 December 1784, the son of William Barker (c.1748–1832), skinner and mercer of Newbury, Berkshire, and Sarah Collet (1755–1808), elder daughter of Samuel Collet, of an established family of ...

Article

H. E. D. Blakiston

revised by Christopher J. Schmitz

Blakiston, Thomas Wright (1832–1891), army officer and explorer, was born at Lymington in Hampshire on 27 December 1832, the second of three sons of John Blakiston (1785–1867), army officer, and his wife, Jane, daughter of the Revd Thomas Wright of Market Harborough, Leicestershire...

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Francis Rawdon Chesney (1789–1872) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Chesney, Francis Rawdon (1789–1872), army officer and explorer, was born on 16 March 1789 at Ballyvea, Annalong, co. Down, the eldest son of Alexander Chesney (1755–1843) and his second wife, Jane, née Wilson (b. c.1763), both Ulster protestants of Scottish descent. ...

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Thomas Frederick Colby (1784–1852) by William Brockedon, 1837 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Colby, Thomas Frederick (1784–1852), surveyor and army officer, was the eldest child of Major Thomas Colby (d. 1813), Royal Marines, and his wife, Cornelia Hadden, sister of Major-General John Murray Hadden, Royal Artillery, surveyor-general of the ordnance. He was born in the parish of ...

Article

Conder, Claude Reignier (1848–1910), army officer and explorer of Palestine, born at Cheltenham on 29 December 1848, was the son of Francis Roubiliac Conder (1815–1889), a civil engineer, and his wife, Anne Matilda Colt (1823–1890). Josiah Conder, his grandfather, married a granddaughter of the sculptor ...

Article

Couchman, Sir Harold John (1882–1956), army officer and surveyor, was born on 29 July 1882 in Haileybury, Hertfordshire, the youngest child of the two sons and two daughters of the Revd Henry Couchman (1839–1922), assistant master of Haileybury College, and his wife, Mary Jane Pooley (1843–1933)...

Article

Croft, (Noel) Andrew Cotton (1906–1998), army officer and Arctic explorer, was born on 30 November 1906 at Abbey Cottage, Essex Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, the only son and fourth child of the Revd Robert William Croft, curate of Stevenage, and his wife, Lottie Alice Bland Clayton...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Gill, William John (1843–1882), explorer and army officer, was born in Bangalore, India, on 10 September 1843, the eldest son of the three sons of Major Robert Gill (1805–1879) of the Madras native infantry, and his wife, Frances Flowerdew (Fanny) Rickerby (1817–1887). His father was commissioned by the ...

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Alexander Gordon Laing (1794–1826) by Samuel Freeman © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Laing, Alexander Gordon (1794–1826), army officer and explorer in Africa, was born in Edinburgh on 27 December 1794, the eldest son of William Laing, a schoolmaster and the founder of a classical academy in Edinburgh, and his wife, Margaret, the daughter of William Gordon...

Article

Macgregor, Sir Charles Metcalfe (1840–1887), army officer, explorer, and military strategist, was born at Agra on 12 September 1840, the second son of Robert Guthrie Macgregor and his wife, Alexina Watson, daughter of General Archibald Watson of the Bengal army. He had eight sisters and two brothers. ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Stuart Handley

Neale, Walter (fl. 1617–1639), army officer and explorer, used a coat of arms of the Neale family of Leicestershire and Northamptonshire, although nothing is known of his parentage or background. He has often been confused with Walter Neale (d. 1612/13), the son of ...

Article

Newcombe, Stewart Francis (1878–1956), army officer and surveyor, was born in Mount Street, Brecon, on 9 July 1878, the third of four sons of Edward Newcombe (1842–1886), civil engineer, and his wife, Maria Louisa, née Prangley (1844–1901). He grew up in a family with strong ties to the early development of railways: his father had helped build the first railways in ...

Article

Pereira, George Edward (1865–1923), army officer and explorer, was born on 26 January 1865, at 4 Upper Portland Place, Marylebone, London. He was the second of four children and eldest son of Edward Pereira (1817–1872), gentleman, of 23 Grosvenor Square, and his wife, the ...

Article

Portlock, Joseph Ellison (1794–1864), surveyor, army officer, and geologist, the only son of Captain Nathaniel Portlock (d. 1817), was born at Gosport, Hampshire, on 30 September 1794. After passing through the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, he was commissioned second lieutenant, Royal Engineers...

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Joseph Ellison Portlock (1794–1864) by Maull & Polyblank, 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Rawling, Cecil Godfrey (1870–1917), army officer and explorer, was born at Stoke, Devonport, on 16 February 1870, the second son of Samuel Bartlett Rawling, of Stoke, and his wife, Ada Bathe Withers, of Purton, Wiltshire. He was educated at Clifton College, Bristol.

Rawling...

Article

Sadleir, George Forster (1789–1859), army officer and explorer in Arabia, was born on 19 January 1789 in Cork, the younger son of James Sadleir, a cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Joanna, daughter of George Forster of Cork. In April 1805 he was commissioned ensign in the ...