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Article

See Babbage, Charles

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by James Lunt

By, John (1779–1836), army officer and engineer, was born in 1779, probably on 7 August, in Lambeth, second son of George By and his wife, Mary, née Bryan. After passing through the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, he was commissioned second lieutenant in the ...

Article

Cardew, Philip (1851–1910), army officer and electrical engineer, was born on 24 September 1851 at Oakshade, near Leatherhead, Surrey, the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Captain Christopher Baldock Cardew, 74th highlanders, of East Hill, Liss (son of ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

Article

Donnelly, Sir John Fretcheville Dykes (1834–1902), army officer and promoter of scientific education, born in the Bay of Bombay on 2 July 1834, was the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Donnelly (1802–1881), deputy adjutant-general of the Bombay army, and from 1851 staff captain and afterwards staff officer at the ...

Article

Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer, was born at 264 Albany Road, Camberwell, London, on 18 July 1869, the third child of William Harrison (1822/3–1878), a Home Office clerk, and his wife, Susannah, née Lawson. His father died when he was nine and his mother opened a small school, which enabled her sons to be educated at the ...

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John Pilkington Hudson (1910–2007) by unknown photographer, 1985 by kind permission of Richard Hudson

Article

Hudson, John Pilkington (1910–2007), horticultural scientist and bomb disposal officer, was born on 24 July 1910 at Allethwaite, 15 Heath Grove, Buxton, Derbyshire, the only son of (William) Arthur Hudson (1884–1976), a sorting clerk and telegraphist for the Post Office, and his wife, ...

Article

Irby, Leonard Howard Loyd (1836–1905), army officer and ornithologist, born at Boyland Hall, Morningthorpe, Norfolk, on 13 April 1836, was the son of Rear-Admiral the Hon. Frederick Paul Irby (1779–1844) and his second wife, Frances (d. 1852), daughter of Ichabod Wright of ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Kennedy, John Pitt (1796–1879), army officer and engineer, fourth son of John Pitt Kennedy, rector of Carn Donagh, co. Donegal, and afterwards of Balteagh, co. Londonderry, and Mary, only daughter of Thomas Cary of Loughash, co. Tyrone, was born at Donagh on 8 May 1796. ...

Article

T. G. Bonney

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

McMahon, Charles Alexander (1830–1904), army officer and geologist, born at Highgate, Middlesex, on 23 March 1830, was the son of Captain Alexander McMahon of Irish descent, formerly in the Indian service, and his wife, Ann, daughter of Major Patrick Mansell of the British army. After education at a private school, he obtained a commission in the ...

Article

McNaughton, Andrew George Latta (1887–1966), army officer, scientist, and public servant, was born at Moosomin, Saskatchewan, Canada, on 25 February 1887, the elder son of Robert Duncan McNaughton of Moosomin, a prosperous storekeeper of Scottish highland descent, and his wife, Christina Mary Ann...

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Andrew George Latta McNaughton (1887–1966) by Yousuf Karsh Karsh / Camera Press, London

Article

Michell, Charles Cornwallis [formerly Charles Collier Michell] (1793–1851), army officer and engineer, was born at Exeter on 29 March 1793, the second son, fourth of six children, of Lieutenant Sampson Michell RN (1755–1809) and Ann (1765–1838), daughter of Samuel Shears MD, of ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Andrew Grout

Munro, William (1818–1880), army officer and botanist, was born at Druids Stoke, Gloucestershire, the eldest son of William Munro. He entered the army as an ensign in the 39th Dorsetshire regiment of foot on 20 January 1834. His subsequent steps in the regiment, all by purchase, were to lieutenant in April 1836, captain on 2 July 1844, major on 7 May 1852, and lieutenant-colonel on 11 November 1853. He served with the regiment for many years in ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Pasley, Charles (1824–1890), army officer and engineer, the eldest son of General Sir Charles William Pasley (1780–1861), and his second wife, Martha Matilda Roberts (d. 1848), was born at Brompton barracks, Chatham, Kent, on 14 November 1824. He was educated at the ...

Article

Shrapnel, Henry (1761–1842), army officer and inventor of the Shrapnel shell, was born on 3 June 1761, the youngest son of the nine children of Zachariah Shrapnel (1724–1796) from Midway Manor House, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, and his wife, Lydia (née Needham). The family name appears as ...

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Henry Shrapnel (1761–1842) attrib. Thomas Arrowsmith, 1817 from the collection of The Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich