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Article

See Babbage, Charles

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by James Falkner

Baker, Sir William Erskine (1808–1881), army officer and engineer, was the fourth son of Captain Joseph Baker RN, and was born on 29 November 1808 at Leith. He was educated at Ludlow and at Addiscombe College (1825–6), and after attending an extended engineering course while a cadet he went out to ...

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

Article

Bolton, Sir Francis John (1831–1887), army officer and electrical engineer, was the son of Dr Thomas Wilson Bolton, surgeon, of London and Manchester. He enlisted in the Royal Artillery and soon became a non-commissioned officer. He was commissioned ensign in the Gold Coast artillery corps...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by James Lunt

By, John (1779–1836), army officer and engineer, was born in 1779, probably on 7 August, in Lambeth, second son of George By and his wife, Mary, née Bryan. After passing through the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, he was commissioned second lieutenant in the ...

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Cardew, Philip (1851–1910), army officer and electrical engineer, was born on 24 September 1851 at Oakshade, near Leatherhead, Surrey, the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Captain Christopher Baldock Cardew, 74th highlanders, of East Hill, Liss (son of ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

Article

Donnelly, Sir John Fretcheville Dykes (1834–1902), army officer and promoter of scientific education, born in the Bay of Bombay on 2 July 1834, was the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Donnelly (1802–1881), deputy adjutant-general of the Bombay army, and from 1851 staff captain and afterwards staff officer at the ...

Article

Freeburn, James (1808–1876), army officer and inventor of shell fuses, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Midlothian. At an early age he was apprenticed to a baker. At the age of seventeen he enlisted in the 7th battalion of the Royal Artillery...

Article

Elizabeth Bruton and Graeme J. N. Gooday

Fuller, Algernon Clement (1885–1970), army officer and inventor, was born at 5 Walm Lane, Willesden, Middlesex, on 30 March 1885, the second son of five children born to Sydney Albert Fuller (1843/4–1896) and his wife, Beatrice Mary, née Dunphy (1854–1920). His father had formerly been employed in the ...

Article

Garnett, Arthur William (1829–1861), army officer and engineer, was born on 1 June 1829, the younger son of William Garnett (1793–1873) and his first wife, Ellen (d. 1829), daughter of Solomon Treasure. He was educated at Addiscombe College from 1844 to 1846, was commissioned second-lieutenant on 12 June 1846, and went to ...

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Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer, was born at 264 Albany Road, Camberwell, London, on 18 July 1869, the third child of William Harrison (1822/3–1878), a Home Office clerk, and his wife, Susannah, née Lawson. His father died when he was nine and his mother opened a small school, which enabled her sons to be educated at the ...

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Arthur Hay, ninth marquess of Tweeddale (1824–1878) by Thomas Richard Williams, c. 1860 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hay, Arthur, ninth marquess of Tweeddale (1824–1878), army officer and naturalist, was born at Yester, East Lothian, on 9 November 1824, the son of George Hay, eighth marquess of Tweeddale (1787–1876), army officer and agriculturist, and his wife, Lady Susan (1797–1870), daughter of ...

Article

Holden, Sir (Henry) Capel Lofft (1856–1937), army officer and inventor, was born at 24 Priory Street, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 23 January 1856, the eldest son of Hubert Ashton Holden (1822–1896), an Anglican clergyman and schoolmaster, and his wife, Laetitia, née Lofft. His father, a distinguished classical scholar, was vice-principal of ...

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John Pilkington Hudson (1910–2007) by unknown photographer, 1985 by kind permission of Richard Hudson

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Hudson, John Pilkington (1910–2007), horticultural scientist and bomb disposal officer, was born on 24 July 1910 at Allethwaite, 15 Heath Grove, Buxton, Derbyshire, the only son of (William) Arthur Hudson (1884–1976), a sorting clerk and telegraphist for the Post Office, and his wife, ...

Article

Irby, Leonard Howard Loyd (1836–1905), army officer and ornithologist, born at Boyland Hall, Morningthorpe, Norfolk, on 13 April 1836, was the son of Rear-Admiral the Hon. Frederick Paul Irby (1779–1844) and his second wife, Frances (d. 1852), daughter of Ichabod Wright of ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Kennedy, John Pitt (1796–1879), army officer and engineer, fourth son of John Pitt Kennedy, rector of Carn Donagh, co. Donegal, and afterwards of Balteagh, co. Londonderry, and Mary, only daughter of Thomas Cary of Loughash, co. Tyrone, was born at Donagh on 8 May 1796. ...