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Ambroise (fl. 1188–1195), crusader and historian, was a Norman, possibly from the region of Évreux. His Estoire de la guerre sainte is a unique vernacular eyewitness account of the third crusade, and perhaps 'the best source for the crusade of Richard' (...

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Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician, was born on 11 August 1892 in Błonie, in the county of Kutno, in Russian Poland. The eldest of four sons of Catholic parents, he attended secondary school in Warsaw, and moved with the family to ...

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Angle, Guichard d', earl of Huntingdon (c. 1308x15–1380), soldier, was born in Poitou, a subject of the king of France, between c.1308 and c.1315. He was the son of Guichard (III) d'Angle and Marguerite Maubert. His family were lords of Angle-sur-l'Anglin...

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Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain, has an attested career that is entirely posthumous. From obscure beginnings in British legend, he became internationally known in the twelfth century, particularly through the success of Geoffrey of Monmouth's...

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Arundel [Fitzalan], Sir John (c. 1348–1379), soldier, was the second son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of John, ...

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Henry Arundell, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694) attrib. John Michael Wright, 1660s [The Crucifixion with … Lord Arundell and his Wife, Cicely Compton, at the Foot of the Cross] Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician, was baptized on 23 February 1608 at St Andrew's, Holborn, London. He was the only son of Thomas Arundell, second Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1586–1643) [...

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Arundell, Thomas, first Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1560–1639), army officer, was the son and heir of Sir Matthew Arundell (1532×4–1598) of Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, and his wife, Anne. His father inherited extensive former monastic lands, serving as high sheriff, custos-rotulorum, and deputy lieutenant of ...

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See Arundell, Thomas, first Baron Arundell of Wardour

Article

Ashton, Sir John (c. 1354–c. 1398), soldier and landowner, was the son and heir of Sir John Ashton (d. c.1360) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and of Margaret, a daughter of Robert del Leigh of Adlington, Cheshire. His mother's second marriage, to ...

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Ashton [Assheton], Sir John (d. 1427), soldier and administrator, came of a gentry family which took its name from Ashton under Lyne in Lancashire, and which had estates there, as well as at Manchester, Wardle, and Alt in that county, and at Morley...

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Ashton, Sir Ralph (c. 1425–1487), soldier, was the son of Sir John Ashton (d. 1427) of Ashton under Lyne and his second wife, Margaret Gray, and hence half-brother of Sir Thomas Ashton (c. 1403–c. 1460), the alchemist, who in 1439 arranged Ralph's marriage with ...

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Aston, Sir Arthur (1590x93–1649), royalist army officer, was the younger son of Sir Arthur Aston (d. 1627), soldier, of Fulham, Middlesex, who was killed on the expedition to the Île de Rhé, and his first wife, Christiana Ashton, daughter of John Ashton...

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Athée, Girard d' (fl. 1198–c. 1210), mercenary and administrator, was a native of Athée near Tours in north-west France. With hostile intent, the French chronicler Guillaume le Breton claims that he was of servile birth, but in all probability he was a minor knight or subtenant of the neighbouring lord of ...

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Audley, Sir James (c. 1318–1369), soldier, was an outstanding exemplar of chivalry, and one of the heroes of the chronicler Froissart. He was the illegitimate son of Sir James Audley (d. 1334) of Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire , and Eva, daughter of Sir John Clavering...

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Babthorpe, Sir Robert (d. 1436), soldier and administrator, rose to prominence in the service of the Lancastrian dynasty. The family came from Babthorpe, in the parish of Hemingbrough, Yorkshire. Details of his parentage are not easy to establish, but he seems to have been the son of ...

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Badlesmere, Sir Bartholomew (c. 1275–1322), soldier and administrator, was the son and heir of Guncelin of Badlesmere (d. 1301), of Badlesmere, Kent, and an unknown mother. Like his father, who was a royal banneret and justice of Chester from 1274 to 1281, ...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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Bard, Henry, first Viscount Bellomont [Bellamont] (1615/16–1656), royalist army officer and diplomat, came of an old-established Lincolnshire family, and was the younger son of George Bard (d. 1616), vicar of Staines, Middlesex, and his wife, Susan, daughter of John Dudley. A scholar at ...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Jonathan Spain

Barnewall, Anthony (1721–1739), army officer in the Austrian service, was the sixth child and youngest son of John Barnewall, styled eleventh Baron Trimleston (1672–1746), and his wife, Mary (or Margaret; d. 1771), the daughter of Sir John Barnewall, kt, of Ballybrittan, King's county...