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James Abercromby (1706–1781) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Abercromby, Sir John (1772–1817), army officer, was the second son of the famous General Sir Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801) and his wife, Mary Anne (d. 1821), daughter of Captain John Menzies. His brothers included James Abercromby and Alexander Abercromby. He was born on 2 April 1772 at ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Acland, Sir Wroth Palmer (1770–1816), army officer, was the son of Arthur Palmer Acland of Fairfield, and nephew of Sir Thomas Acland bt. He entered the army in 1787 as ensign in the 17th regiment, becoming a lieutenant in 1790 and captain in 1791 before being placed on half pay until the outbreak of war with ...

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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Ainslie, George Robert (1776–1839), army officer and numismatist, was born near Edinburgh, the eldest son of Sir Philip Ainslie and his wife, the Hon. Elizabeth Gray, fifth daughter of John, twelfth Lord Gray. He entered the army as an ensign in the 19th regiment...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Airey, Sir George (1761–1833), army officer, entered the army as ensign in the 91st regiment in 1779, and was promoted lieutenant in 1781; on 2 January 1782 he transferred to the 48th regiment, and went with it to the West Indies. Airey was almost certainly attracted to this unappealing station by the prospect of better pay, and he inadvertently laid the foundation for his future advancement through his perceptive observation of the military features of the islands....

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Alten, Sir Charles von, Count von Alten in the Hanoverian nobility (1764–1840), army officer in the British and Hanoverian armies, is most famous for his service at the head of the famous light division of the British army during the Peninsular War. He was born on 12 October 1764 at ...

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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Alured, Matthew (bap. 1615, d. 1694), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, on 3 January 1615, the sixth son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628) of the Charterhouse, near Hull, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626), daughter of Francis Vaughan...

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Richard Garnett

revised by Troy O. Bickham

André, John (1750–1780), army officer and spy, was born in London on 2 May 1750, the eldest son of Anthony André (1717–1769), a Genevese merchant settled in the city, and Marie Louise Girardot (1721?–1813). He had at least one brother and sister. He was educated at home and possibly at ...

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John André (1750–1780) by John Keyse Sherwin, 1781 (after self-portrait, 1780) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Anstruther, Robert (1768–1809), army officer, was the eldest son of Sir Robert Anstruther, third baronet (1733–1818), and Lady Janet Erskine (d. 14 Oct 1770), youngest daughter of the fifth earl of Kellie. He was born on 3 March 1768. Educated at Westminster School...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by James Lunt

Arbuthnot, Sir Robert (1773–1853), army officer, was the fourth son of John Arbuthnot (1729–1797) of Rockfleet, co. Mayo, inspector-general of the linen board, and his wife, Anne (d. 1782), the only daughter of Richard Stone, banker, of London, and niece of George Stone...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by S. Kinross

Arbuthnot, Sir Thomas (1776–1849), army officer, was the fifth son of John Arbuthnot (1729–1797) of Rockfleet, co. Mayo, inspector-general of the linen board, and his wife, Anne (d. 1782), the only daughter of Richard Stone, a London banker. Charles Arbuthnot and Sir Robert Arbuthnot...

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Asgill, Sir Charles, second baronet (1762–1823), army officer, was born on 6 April 1762 and baptized at St Swithin London Stone on 3 May 1762, the only son of Sir Charles Asgill, first baronet (d. 1788), and his second wife, daughter of ...

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A. S. Bolton

revised by David Gates

Ashworth, Sir Charles (d. 1832), army officer, was appointed ensign in the 68th foot in 1798, and promoted lieutenant in 1799. He became a captain in the 55th foot in 1801. He was promoted major in the 6th West India regiment in 1808, and transferred in the same year to the ...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...