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[Anon.]

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

Article

Blacker, (Latham Valentine) Stewart (1887–1964), soldier and inventor of armaments, was born on 1 October 1887 at The Beeches, Grappenhall, near Warrington, Cheshire, the son of Major Latham Charles Miller Blacker who came of a soldiering family, and his wife, Emily Violet Mattie...

Article

Ford, Sir Edward (bap. 1605, d. 1670), royalist army officer and inventor, was born at Up Park, in the parish of Harting, Sussex, and baptized in the parish church of Harting on 22 April 1605. He was the eldest son of Sir William Ford (...

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Freeburn, James (1808–1876), army officer and inventor of shell fuses, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Midlothian. At an early age he was apprenticed to a baker. At the age of seventeen he enlisted in the 7th battalion of the Royal Artillery...

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Elizabeth Bruton and Graeme J. N. Gooday

Fuller, Algernon Clement (1885–1970), army officer and inventor, was born at 5 Walm Lane, Willesden, Middlesex, on 30 March 1885, the second son of five children born to Sydney Albert Fuller (1843/4–1896) and his wife, Beatrice Mary, née Dunphy (1854–1920). His father had formerly been employed in the ...

Article

Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer, was born at 264 Albany Road, Camberwell, London, on 18 July 1869, the third child of William Harrison (1822/3–1878), a Home Office clerk, and his wife, Susannah, née Lawson. His father died when he was nine and his mother opened a small school, which enabled her sons to be educated at the ...

Article

Holden, Sir (Henry) Capel Lofft (1856–1937), army officer and inventor, was born at 24 Priory Street, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 23 January 1856, the eldest son of Hubert Ashton Holden (1822–1896), an Anglican clergyman and schoolmaster, and his wife, Laetitia, née Lofft. His father, a distinguished classical scholar, was vice-principal of ...

Article

Livens, William Howard (1889–1964), army officer and inventor of oil and gas weapons, was born at Lincoln on 28 March 1889, the only son of Frederick Howard Livens, chief engineer of the firm which became Ruston and Hornsby, and his wife, Priscilla Mary Abbott...

Article

Maceroni, Francis [known as Count Maceroni] (1788–1846), soldier and mechanical inventor, was born in the suburbs of Manchester. His father, Peter Augustus Maceroni, with two brothers, had served in a French regiment in America during the War of Independence, and after a roving life settled down at ...

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Scott, Robert (d. 1631), army officer in the Swedish and Danish services and military inventor, is a man of whom nothing is known before 1623, when Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden granted the Scot James Spens, son of the Stuart ambassador in Stockholm, Sir James Spens...

Article

Shrapnel, Henry (1761–1842), army officer and inventor of the Shrapnel shell, was born on 3 June 1761, the youngest son of the nine children of Zachariah Shrapnel (1724–1796) from Midway Manor House, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, and his wife, Lydia (née Needham). The family name appears as ...

Image

Henry Shrapnel (1761–1842) attrib. Thomas Arrowsmith, 1817 from the collection of The Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich