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Armorer, Sir Nicholas (c. 1620–1686), royalist army officer, conspirator, and courtier, was born at Belford, Northumberland, a younger son of Thomas Armorer (d. 1642), of Belford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Clavering of Callaly in the same county. Like his brother ...

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Basset, Thomas (d. 1220), soldier and courtier, was a younger son of Thomas Basset (d. c. 1182) of Headington and Adeliza Basset [see under Dunstanville, de, family], daughter of Walter de Dunstanville, lord of Castle Combe in Wiltshire. First recorded before ...

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Berkeley, John, first Baron Berkeley of Stratton (bap. 1607, d. 1678), royalist army officer and courtier, was baptized on 1 February 1607 at Hanworth, Middlesex, the fifth son of Sir Maurice Berkeley (1576/7–1617) of Bruton, Somerset, a well-connected but penurious gentleman who died when ...

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Biddulph, Sir Thomas Myddleton (1809–1878), courtier and army officer, born on 29 July 1809, was the second son of Robert Biddulph of Ledbury and Charlotte, the daughter and coheir of Richard Myddleton MP, of Chirk Castle, of the old Welsh family of Myddleton...

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Sir Thomas Myddleton Biddulph (1809–1878) by Heinrich von Angeli, 1878 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Bloomfield, Benjamin, first Baron Bloomfield (1768–1846), army officer and courtier, the only son of John Bloomfield, of Newport, co. Tipperary, a lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, and his wife, Anne (d. 1828), daughter of Samuel Waller, barrister, and sister of Sir Robert Waller, baronet...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Bowles, Sir George (1787–1876), army officer and courtier, was born at Heale House, Wiltshire, the second son of William Bowles of Heale House, and Dinah Frankland, daughter of Admiral Sir Thomas Frankland, bt. William Bowles was his elder brother. He entered the army...

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Frederick Arthur Montague Browning (1896–1965) by Sir Gerald Kelly, 1923 © reserved; private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Browning, Sir Frederick Arthur Montague (1896–1965), army officer and courtier, often known as Boy Browning, or as Tommy to intimates, was born on 20 December 1896, at 31 Hans Road, Brompton, London, the second child and only son of Frederick Henry Browning and his wife, ...

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Burley, Sir Simon (1336?–1388), soldier and courtier, was the second of at least three sons of a minor Herefordshire landowner, perhaps Roger Burley (fl. 1322–1331); Simon's nephew was also named Roger. Simon's elder brother Sir John Burley, and John's son Sir Richard...

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Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

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Thomas Cecil, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623) by unknown artist, c. 1610 The Burghley House Collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Chamberlayne [Chamberlain], Sir Leonard (b. in or before 1504, d. 1561), courtier and soldier, was the eldest son of Sir Edward Chamberlayne (1480–1543) of Shirburn, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Cecily (fl. 1480–1540), daughter of Sir John Verney of Pendley, Hertfordshire. He was said to have spent his early years in riotous living, which may lie behind the pardon he received on 2 September 1529, but once the paternal estates had been entailed on him in 1528, probably on the occasion of his marriage to ...

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Claypole [Cleypole, Claypoole], John, appointed Lord Cleypole under the protectorate (1625–1688), army officer and courtier, was born on 21 August 1625, the eldest son of John Claypole of Northborough, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Mary Angell. James Claypoole was his younger brother. John Claypole senior...

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Curson, Sir Robert, styled Lord Curson, and Baron Curson in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (c. 1460–1534/5), soldier and courtier, was of Blaxhall, near Saxmundham, Suffolk, and may have been the son of the Robert Curson who was escheator for Suffolk...

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Douglas, George, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), courtier and soldier, was the second son of William Douglas, second earl of Angus (c. 1398–1437), and his wife, Margaret (fl. 1410–1484), daughter of Sir William Hay of Yester. He succeeded to the earldom on the death of his childless elder brother, ...

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Edwards, Sir Fleetwood Isham (1842–1910), army officer and courtier, second son of Thomas Edwards of Woodside, Harrow on the Hill, and his wife, Hester Magdalen Penelope, daughter of the Revd William Wilson, of Knowle Hall, Warwickshire, was born at Thames Ditton on 21 April 1842. Educated at ...

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Fitzcharles, Charles, earl of Plymouth (c. 1657–1680), courtier and army officer, was born, probably in Bruges, in 1657, the illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685), and Catherine Pegge (d. 1678). His mother's liaison with the exiled king had come to an end by 1658, and he was brought up by her in the ...