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Bentham, Edward (1707–1776), university professor, fifth son of the Revd Samuel Bentham (c.1681–1733), a minor canon of Ely, and his wife, Philippa Willen (c.1681–1747), was born in the college at Ely on 23 July 1707, and baptized in the cathedral on 21 August 1707. After singing as a chorister at ...

Article

Copland, Patrick (1748–1822), natural philosopher and university teacher, was born early in 1748 in the parish of Fintray, Aberdeenshire, and baptized there on 22 March 1748. He was the first of three children and the only son of Samuel Copland (c.1716–1795)...

Article

John Westby-Gibson

revised by Patrick Bullard

Duncan, William (1717–1760), natural philosopher and classicist, elder son of William Duncan, an Aberdeen tradesman, and his wife, Euphemia Kirkwood, daughter of a wealthy farmer in Haddingtonshire, was born in Aberdeen in July 1717. He had several sisters and a younger brother, John...

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Potter, Richard (1799–1886), natural philosopher, was born in Manchester on 2 January 1799, the son of Richard Potter, from Westmorland, a corn merchant and afterwards a brewer in Manchester. He attended Manchester grammar school from 1811 to 1815, and later worked in a ...

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Russell, James (c. 1720–1773), surgeon and natural philosopher, was born in Edinburgh, the son of the surgeon Francis Russell and his wife, a daughter of Robert Gordon of Halhead, Aberdeenshire. Little is known of Russell until 21 January 1747, when he was made a burgess and guild brother of ...

Article

John Anderson

revised by Anita McConnell

Sinclair, George (d. 1696?), natural philosopher, of unknown birth and parentage, described himself as from the Lothians and possessed property in Haddington, Haddingtonshire. He and his brother John were probably educated at the University of St Andrews. John was for a time regent at ...

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Matthew Young (1750–1800) by John Comerford (after Thomas Hickey, 1796) private collection; photograph © Bonhams

Article

Young, Matthew (1750–1800), natural philosopher and bishop of Clonfert, was born on 3 October 1750 at Castlerea, co. Roscommon, and was the fourth son of Owen Young and Olivia Maria Bell. He matriculated at Trinity College, Dublin, on 8 July 1766, obtained a scholarship in 1769, and graduated BA (1772), MA (1774), and BD (1782). ...