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Adams, William (1706–1789), Church of England clergyman and college head, was born at Shrewsbury on 17 August 1706, the son of John Adams, mayor of Shrewsbury in 1726, and his wife, Elizabeth Jorden. Adams entered Pembroke College, Oxford, on 6 August 1720, graduated MA in 1727, became fellow of his college and, in 1734, tutor in place of ...

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See Authorized Version of the Bible, translators of the

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Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

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Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian, was born on 29 March 1602 in Gateshead; nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of ...

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Ashwell, Arthur Rawson (1824–1879), Church of England clergyman and college head, was born at Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, on 9 December 1824, the son of James Ashwell, civil engineer and resident director of the Luxembourg Railway, and his wife, Susan, née Rawson. In 1843 he entered ...

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Baro, Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist, was born at Étampes (Seine-et-Oise), France, the son of Étienne Baron and his wife, Philippe Petit; in his autobiographical notes Peter says he was one of many children, first mentioning brothers Jean and Florent, so he was perhaps the third to survive. The family is believed to have belonged to the rich ...

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Ralph Bathurst (1619/2020–1704) by David Loggan © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bathurst, Ralph (1619/20–1704), dean of Wells and college head, was born at Hothorpe, Northamptonshire, the fifth of thirteen sons and four daughters of George Bathurst (c.1579–1656) and his wife, Elizabeth Villiers. He was educated at Coventry Free School, and matriculated at ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Baylee, Joseph (1807–1883), theological teacher and writer, was born on 23 July 1807, at Limerick, the fifth son of John Tyrrell Baylee, a Quaker schoolmaster, and his wife, Jane, granddaughter of Lord Dunboyne and widow of Henry Bennis. Initially self-educated, by his own account, ...

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Baylie, Richard (1585/6?–1667), college head and dean of Salisbury, was the son of Richard Baylie (d. 1587) of Lichfield, Staffordshire, and Anne Quiney of Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, sister of William Shakespeare's friend Richard Quiney. After his father's death his mother married ...

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Bentham, Edward (1707–1776), university professor, fifth son of the Revd Samuel Bentham (c.1681–1733), a minor canon of Ely, and his wife, Philippa Willen (c.1681–1747), was born in the college at Ely on 23 July 1707, and baptized in the cathedral on 21 August 1707. After singing as a chorister at ...

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Bliss [née Moore], Kathleen Mary Amelia (1908–1989), religious administrator and university teacher, was born on 5 July 1908 in Fulham, London, the elder child and only daughter of Thomas Henry Moore, local government officer, and his wife, Ethel Steward. She was educated at ...

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Kathleen Mary Amelia Bliss (1908–1989) by unknown photographer © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Bolton, Samuel (1605/6–1654), Church of England clergyman and college head, was the son of William Bolton of Lancashire. Educated at Manchester School, he matriculated as a pensioner at Christ's College in 1625, graduated BA in 1629, and proceeded MA in 1632. In 1633 he married ...

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Samuel Bolton (1605/66–1654) by William Faithorne the elder, pubd 1657 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alfred Cochrane

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Boyd, Henry (1831–1922), Church of England clergyman and college head, the third son of William Clark Boyd, of Hackney, Middlesex, and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Steinmetz, was born in Holborn, London, on 26 February 1831. Educated at Hackney School, he went as a commoner to ...

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Bridgewater, John (b. c. 1532, d. in or after 1596), college head and Roman Catholic exile, is of uncertain origins. Dodd mentioned that he may have claimed to be a Welshman or may have been born in Yorkshire. The Dictionary of National Biography...

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A. R. Graham-Campbell

revised by Gerald Law

Brooke, Alan England (1863–1939), biblical scholar and college head, was born at Spring Grove, Middlesex, on 1 September 1863, the youngest of the four sons of Richard England Brooke, an Anglican clergyman, and his wife, Harriet, née Hopkins, of Limber Grange, Lincolnshire. The war poet ...

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Bury, Arthur (1623/4–1713), college head and writer on theology, was probably born at Sidbury, Devon, the son of John Bury (1580–1667), the vicar there, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1644). He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 5 April 1639, aged fifteen, graduated BA on 29 November 1642, and became fellow the following year. Deprived of his fellowship by the parliamentary visitors in 1648, he went to live with his father in ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by S. J. Skedd

Castle, Edmund (1698–1750), college head and dean of Hereford, was born on 14 September 1698 at Newington, near Hythe, Kent, where he was baptized on 18 September. His parents were Edmund Castle and Ann Gibbs, who had married on 14 April 1696; he had at least two brothers, ...