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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

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Blayney, Benjamin (1727/8–1801), Hebraist and Church of England clergyman, may have been baptized at St Swithin's, Worcester, on 18 February 1727, and may have been the son of Thomas and Betty Blayney. He was educated at Worcester College, Oxford, where he matriculated aged eighteen on 1 July 1746; he graduated BA (1750) and MA (1753). Afterwards he became a fellow, and eventually vice-principal, of ...

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Byng, Andrew (1574–1652), Church of England clergyman and Hebraist, was born at Cambridge, the second son of Thomas Byng (d. 1599), regius professor of law and master of Clare College, Cambridge, and his wife, Catherine Randolph or Rendell (1553–1627). He matriculated from Clare...

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Fuller, Nicholas (c. 1557–1623), Hebraist and theologian, was the son of Robert Fuller and Catharine Cresset. Born in Hampshire, he received his early education in Southampton. As a youth he was appointed secretary to Robert Horne and John Watson, successively bishops of Winchester...

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Kennett, Robert Hatch (1864–1932), biblical and Semitic scholar, was born at Nethercourt, St Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, on 9 September 1864, the only son of four children of John Kennett, farmer, JP for the Cinque Ports and first mayor of Ramsgate, and his second wife, ...

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John Lightfoot (1602–1675) by Robert White, pubd 1684 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lightfoot, John (1602–1675), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born at home on 29 March 1602 in Stoke-on-Trent, the second son of Thomas Lightfoot (1577?–1658), vicar of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, for thirty-six years, and Elizabeth Bagnall (1566?–1637). Both his parents had been born near by—his father at ...

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Moses Margoliouth (1815–1881) by John William Cook, pubd 1850 [with the marble head of Empress Theodora, discovered among the ruins of Carthage] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Margoliouth, Moses (1815–1881), Hebrew scholar and convert from Judaism, was born in Suwałki, Poland, son of a prosperous local merchant named Gershon Margoliouth (d. c.1852), apparently originally surnamed Epstein or Epszteyn. In 1834 Moses Margoliouth married Chaja Goldberg (1818–1870), daughter of writer and historian ...

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W. A. J. Archbold

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

McCaul, Alexander (1799–1863), Hebrew scholar and missionary to the Jews, was born of protestant parents in Dublin on 16 May 1799. He was educated at a private school, entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 3 October 1814, graduated BA in 1819, and proceeded MA in 1831; he was created DD in 1837. He was for some time tutor to the ...

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Mede [Mead], Joseph (1586–1638), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born in October 1586 at Berden, Essex, of unknown parents 'of honest rank', according to the 'Life' contained in his collected works, and was related through his father to Sir John Mede (or Mead)...

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Peters, Charles (1690–1774), Hebraist and Church of England clergyman, born at Tregony, Cornwall, on 1 December 1690, was the eldest child of Richard Peters. He was educated at Tregony School under a Mr Daddow, and matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, on 3 April 1707; he graduated BA (27 October 1710), MA (5 June 1713), and was a batteler of his college from 8 April 1707 to 20 July 1713. Having been ordained into the ...