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Francesco Algarotti, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764) by Jean-Étienne Liotard, c. 1745 Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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Algarotti, Francesco, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764), poet and scholar, was born on 11 December 1712 in the family home in Venice on the Fondamenta Nuove, the second son of Rocco Algarotti (d. 1726) and his wife, Maria Mercati. His father was a prosperous merchant of Paduan origin, settled in ...

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Butler, Edward Joseph Aloysius [name in religion Cuthbert] (1858–1934), abbot of Downside and scholar, was born in Dublin on 6 May 1858, the only child of Edward Butler (d. 1902), barrister, and his wife, Mary Cruise (d. 1897). His father had been professor of mathematics in ...

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Campbell, James Joseph [pseud. Ultach] (1910–1979), scholar and educationist, was born on 8 March 1910 at 237 New Lodge Road, Belfast, the second (and eldest surviving) of the five children of James Campbell (c.1862–1930) and his second wife, Bridget McTeggart (1878–1959)...

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John Dobrée Dalgairns (1818–1876) by unknown photographer London Oratory; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dalgairns, John Dobrée [name in religion Bernard] (1818–1876), Roman Catholic priest and scholar, was born on Guernsey on 21 October 1818, the eldest of the six children (three boys and three girls) of William Dalgairns (b. c.1790), an officer in the ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Dillon [de León], Thomas (1613–1690), Jesuit and scholar, was born in Ireland and was educated in Spain, where he entered the Society of Jesus at Seville in 1627. He was a teacher of the humanities at the Jesuit college of Cadiz, and later taught philosophy at ...

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See Farnborough scholars

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Helyar, John (1502/3–1541?), scholar, was born in Hampshire, probably at East Meon. He went to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he was admitted a scholar on 1 June 1522 at the age of nineteen. He graduated BA on 27 July 1524, MA on 3 April 1525, and BTh in April 1532. At ...

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Hyde, David de la (fl. 1549–1561), scholar and recusant, is of unknown parentage. Anthony Wood believed him to be of Irish birth. Sir Walter and his son Sir James de la Hyde of Moyclare, King's county, were proscribed for supporting the rebellion of ...

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Knox, Thomas Francis [name in religion Francis] (1822–1882), Roman Catholic priest and scholar, was born in Brussels, Belgium, on 24 December 1822. He was the eldest son of the Hon. John Henry Knox (1788–1872), the third son of the second Viscount Northland, first earl of Ranfurly...

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Alfred Hyman Louis (1829–1915) by Histed © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louis, Alfred Hyman (1829–1915), scholar and visionary vagrant, was born in 1829 in Birmingham, the eldest son of Hyman Tobias (or Tobar) Louis, a well-to-do merchant, and his wife, Maria. At fifteen he entered King Edward's School, Birmingham, where he began long friendships with ...

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Martindale, Cyril Charlie (1879–1963), Jesuit and scholar, was born on 25 May 1879 in Kensington, London, the only child of Sir Arthur Henry Temple Martindale (1854–1942) and his first wife, Isabel Marion (d. 1879), daughter of Captain C. F. Mackenzie. Although the family originated in ...

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See Mathew, David James

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Giuseppe Mazzini (1805–1872) by John Andrews, 1852 in a private collection; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Mazzini, Giuseppe (1805–1872), politician, thinker, and teacher, was born in Genoa on 22 June 1805, but spent most of his adult life in England as an impoverished exile. His father, Giacomo, was professor of medicine at Genoa University and married Maria Drago; they also had three daughters. ...

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Laurentia Margaret McLachlan (1866–1953) by unknown photographer, 1923 Stanbrook Abbey Trustees

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McLachlan, Laurentia Margaret (1866–1953), abbess of Stanbrook and scholar, was born on 11 January 1866 at Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, and baptized Margaret at St Margaret's Church, Airdrie, the youngest of the seven children of Henry McLachlan (1828–1890), accountant, and his wife, Mary McAleese (1828–1900)...

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Ó Cléirigh, Cú Choigcríche [Cucogry O'Clery] (fl. 1624–1664), scholar and scribe, was the son of Diarmuid Ó Cléirigh, in turn the son of An Cosnamhach Ó Cléirigh. There has been considerable confusion between this Cú Choigcríche and a supposed son of Lughaidh Ó Cléirigh...