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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his 'father-in-law' ...

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Barclay, James (fl. 1763–1774), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was for many years a curate at All Saints' Church, Edmonton, Middlesex, and a teacher at schools in Goodman's Fields and Tottenham. In 1763 he published What is Meant by Coming to Christ...

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Beck, Cave (bap. 1622, d. 1706), writer on universal language and Church of England clergyman, second son of John Beck, 'pandoxator' or brewer, and Anne Flecher (probably née Cave, and widow of Adam Flecher), was born in the parish of St James's, Clerkenwell...

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Bridges, Thomas (c. 1842–1898), dictionary compiler, missionary, and sheep farmer, was found abandoned, perhaps on a bridge near Bristol, aged about two and a half, and taken to an orphanage, the name of which remains unknown. He was adopted by the Revd George Pakenham Despard...

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Cawdrey, Robert (b. 1537/8?, d. in or after 1604), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was born in 1537 or 1538; his parentage is unknown. Although four of his five sons are recorded as having studied at Cambridge—Anthony, Thomas, and Zachary (father of ...

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Crowther, Samuel Ajayi (c. 1807–1891), bishop of western Africa and linguistic scholar, was born of Yoruba parents at Oshogun, in the south-west of Nigeria. Captured in war in 1821 he was sold on 7 April 1822 to a Portuguese slave ship in Lagos...

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Dawson, Benjamin (1729–1814), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born in Halifax, the sixth of the seven sons of Eli Dawson (d. 1744), Presbyterian minister of Morley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Taylor. He and his brother Thomas Dawson (c. 1725–1782)...

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Farrar, Frederic William (1831–1903), dean of Canterbury, novelist, and philologist, was born in the fort of Bombay on 7 August 1831, the second son of Revd Charles P. Farrar, then a chaplain with the Church Missionary Society, and his wife, Caroline Turner (...

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Gouldman, Francis (c. 1607–1688/9), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was the son of Richard Gouldman of Norfolk. Having been educated in London, by Thomas Farnaby, Francis matriculated as pensioner of Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1623; he proceeded BA in 1626–7 and MA in 1630. On 26 March 1634 he succeeded ...

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Holyoake, Francis (1566x73–1653), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was born at Nether Whitacre, Warwickshire. He was admitted to Queen's College, Oxford, as a commoner in 1582, but is not recorded as being admitted to a degree. Wood claims that he had been a schoolteacher. However, ...

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Kirkby, John (c. 1705–1754), Church of England clergyman and grammarian, claimed to have been born in Cumberland, though in the register of St John's College, Cambridge, from where he appears to have graduated BA in 1726, and proceeded MA in 1745, his birthplace is noted as ...

Image

Henry George Liddell (1811–1898) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Liddell, Henry George (1811–1898), lexicographer and dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was born at Binchester, co. Durham, on 6 February 1811, the eldest son of the Revd Henry George Liddell (1787–1872), and his wife (and first cousin), Charlotte Lyon (d. 1871), niece of the ...

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Littleton, Adam (1627–1694), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born on 2 November 1627 at Halesowen, which was then in Shropshire, the sixth son of Thomas Littleton, the vicar there. He claimed to descend from the ancient Littleton/Westcote family of ...

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Marshall, Thomas (1621–1685), dean of Gloucester and philologist, the son of Thomas Marshall (d. 1628), an illiterate blacksmith, and Helen James, was born at Barkby, Leicestershire, on 13 January 1621. Educated by Francis Foe, vicar of Barkby and alumnus of Lincoln College, Oxford...

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W. W. Wroth

revised by M. K. C. MacMahon

Nares, Robert (1753–1829), philologist and clergyman, was born on 9 June 1753 at York, one of the four children of James Nares (bap. 1715, d. 1783), organist of York Minster, and his second wife, Jane Bacon of York. He was the nephew of ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by John D. Haigh

Oxlee, John (1779–1854), philologist and writer on theology, son of a well-to-do farmer in Yorkshire, was born at Guisborough in Cleveland, Yorkshire, on 25 September 1779, and educated at Sunderland. After working as a tailor for a short time he studied mathematics and Latin, taught classics at a school near ...

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Palairet, Elias (1713–1765), classical and biblical philologist, was born in Rotterdam, of a French family which had taken refuge in the Netherlands following the revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685. He studied at Leiden, where his first published work, the Histoire du patriarche Joseph mise en vers héroïques...

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Parkhurst, John (1728–1797), biblical lexicographer, was born in June 1728, the second son of John Parkhurst (1700/01–1765) of Catesby House, a former priory near Daventry, Northamptonshire, and Ricarda (1697/8–1770), second daughter of Robert Dormer, a judge. He was educated at Rugby School and ...

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Paschall, Andrew (1631?–1696), Church of England clergyman and advocate for a universal language, was born in Soper Lane, London. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1647, proceeding BA in 1651, MA in 1654, and BD in 1661. A fellow of Queens'...