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Barclay, James (fl. 1763–1774), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was for many years a curate at All Saints' Church, Edmonton, Middlesex, and a teacher at schools in Goodman's Fields and Tottenham. In 1763 he published What is Meant by Coming to Christ...

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Beck, Cave (bap. 1622, d. 1706), writer on universal language and Church of England clergyman, second son of John Beck, 'pandoxator' or brewer, and Anne Flecher (probably née Cave, and widow of Adam Flecher), was born in the parish of St James's, Clerkenwell...

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Bridges, Thomas (c. 1842–1898), dictionary compiler, missionary, and sheep farmer, was found abandoned, perhaps on a bridge near Bristol, aged about two and a half, and taken to an orphanage, the name of which remains unknown. He was adopted by the Revd George Pakenham Despard...

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Cawdrey, Robert (b. 1537/8?, d. in or after 1604), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was born in 1537 or 1538; his parentage is unknown. Although four of his five sons are recorded as having studied at Cambridge—Anthony, Thomas, and Zachary (father of ...

Article

R. M. J. Jones

revised by Dylan Foster Evans

Evans, William (d. 1776?), Presbyterian minister and lexicographer, was probably born in Carmarthenshire, perhaps in Cefngwili, Llanedi. He is believed to have been educated at Carmarthen Academy under Dr Jenkins between 1768 and 1772. His chief claim to notice is based on his work ...

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Geoffrey the Grammarian (fl. 1440), lexicographer and Dominican friar, is the identity attached by tradition to the compiler of the Anglo-Latin dictionary known as the Promptorium parvulorum. In a Latin preamble the compiler says of himself only that he is 'fratrem predicatorem reclusum Lenne Episcopi', and that he completed the work in 1440. It has been widely accepted that this means that, like the spiritual adviser who encouraged ...

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Gouldman, Francis (c. 1607–1688/9), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was the son of Richard Gouldman of Norfolk. Having been educated in London, by Thomas Farnaby, Francis matriculated as pensioner of Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1623; he proceeded BA in 1626–7 and MA in 1630. On 26 March 1634 he succeeded ...

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Holyoake, Francis (1566x73–1653), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was born at Nether Whitacre, Warwickshire. He was admitted to Queen's College, Oxford, as a commoner in 1582, but is not recorded as being admitted to a degree. Wood claims that he had been a schoolteacher. However, ...

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Robert Hunter (1823–1897) by G. Haworth by permission of the Geological Society of London

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Hunter, Robert (1823–1897), Free Church of Scotland missionary, geologist, and lexicographer, was born at Newburgh, Fife, on 3 September 1823, son of John Hunter, a clerk of the Inland Revenue and a native of Wigtownshire, and his wife, Agnes Strickland of Ulverston, Lancashire...

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Henry George Liddell (1811–1898) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Liddell, Henry George (1811–1898), lexicographer and dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was born at Binchester, co. Durham, on 6 February 1811, the eldest son of the Revd Henry George Liddell (1787–1872), and his wife (and first cousin), Charlotte Lyon (d. 1871), niece of the ...

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O'Brien, John (1701–1769), Roman Catholic bishop of Cloyne and Ross and lexicographer, was born in Ballyvoddy, near Glanworth, co. Cork, the son of Thomas O'Brien, a farmer, and his wife, Eleanor McEniry. His parents, both of good descent, were well connected both at home and on the continent. By 1720 he had already left for ...

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Parkhurst, John (1728–1797), biblical lexicographer, was born in June 1728, the second son of John Parkhurst (1700/01–1765) of Catesby House, a former priory near Daventry, Northamptonshire, and Ricarda (1697/8–1770), second daughter of Robert Dormer, a judge. He was educated at Rugby School and ...

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Pettman, Charles (1851–1935), Methodist minister and lexicographer, was born on 14 August 1851 at Seasalter, Whitstable, Kent, the eldest son of Richard Pettman, baker, and his wife, Mary Wells. Having been brought up as a Baptist, Pettman was attracted to Methodism as a young man. After becoming a local preacher while in business in ...

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Pinnock, Osbern [known as Osburn Pinnuc Claudianus] (fl. c. 1148), Benedictine monk, theologian, and lexicographer, was a monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, under Abbot Hamelin (1148–79) and possibly Gilbert Foliot (1139–48). The name Pinnuc (BL, Royal MS 8 B.xxi) suggests birth near ...

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Richards, Thomas (1709/10–1790), lexicographer and Church of England clergyman, was born in Carmarthenshire. Nothing is known of his family except that he had a brother called Lewis. He did not receive a university education. Before taking holy orders he was the master of a charity school supported by the principal of ...

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Rider [Ryder], John (1562–1632), lexicographer and Church of Ireland bishop of Killaloe, was born in Carrington, Cheshire. He was educated at Jesus College, Oxford, where he graduated BA in February 1581 and MA in July 1583. He held the rectory of Waterstock, Oxfordshire...

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Roger [called Roger Computista] (fl. after 1350), lexicographer and Benedictine monk, is known only from references in his own biblical dictionary, Expositiones vocabulorum quae sunt in Biblia. No evidence survives to account for the sobriquet Computista under which he is commonly known, though it may refer to mathematical skills. In the ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by M. J. Mercer

Scott, Daniel (1694–1759), theological writer and lexicographer, was born on 21 March 1694, the son of Daniel Scott, a London merchant, and his second wife, and the half-brother of Thomas Scott (d. 1746), Independent minister at Norwich, whose children included Joseph Nicol Scott...