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Ó Maolmhuaidh, Froinsias [Francis O'Molloy or Molloy] (c. 1606–1677?), theologian and grammarian, was born in the diocese of Meath, most probably in the traditional O'Molloy territory of Fercall, in the King's county portion of that diocese. His precise position within the O'Molloy kin group is not known. In old age he recorded stories he had heard from eyewitnesses in his youth of a great Christmas banquet for 960 people, lasting twelve days, held by ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by John D. Haigh

Oxlee, John (1779–1854), philologist and writer on theology, son of a well-to-do farmer in Yorkshire, was born at Guisborough in Cleveland, Yorkshire, on 25 September 1779, and educated at Sunderland. After working as a tailor for a short time he studied mathematics and Latin, taught classics at a school near ...

Article

Palairet, Elias (1713–1765), classical and biblical philologist, was born in Rotterdam, of a French family which had taken refuge in the Netherlands following the revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685. He studied at Leiden, where his first published work, the Histoire du patriarche Joseph mise en vers héroïques...

Article

Parkhurst, John (1728–1797), biblical lexicographer, was born in June 1728, the second son of John Parkhurst (1700/01–1765) of Catesby House, a former priory near Daventry, Northamptonshire, and Ricarda (1697/8–1770), second daughter of Robert Dormer, a judge. He was educated at Rugby School and ...

Article

Pinnock, Osbern [known as Osburn Pinnuc Claudianus] (fl. c. 1148), Benedictine monk, theologian, and lexicographer, was a monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, under Abbot Hamelin (1148–79) and possibly Gilbert Foliot (1139–48). The name Pinnuc (BL, Royal MS 8 B.xxi) suggests birth near ...

Article

Redpath, Henry Adeney (1848–1908), biblical and linguistic scholar, was born at Sydenham, Kent, on 19 June 1848, the eldest son of Henry Syme Redpath, solicitor, of Sydenham, and his wife, Harriet Adeney, of Islington. In 1857 he entered Merchant Taylors' School, London, and in 1867 he won a scholarship to ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by M. J. Mercer

Scott, Daniel (1694–1759), theological writer and lexicographer, was born on 21 March 1694, the son of Daniel Scott, a London merchant, and his second wife, and the half-brother of Thomas Scott (d. 1746), Independent minister at Norwich, whose children included Joseph Nicol Scott...

Article

Sewel, Willem (1653–1720), translator, lexicographer, and historian of Quakerism, was born in the Netherlands on 19 April 1653 at Angeliers Gracht, Amsterdam, probably the only child of Jakob Willemszoon Zewel (d. 1658/9), a surgeon, and his wife, Judith (c.1631–1664), daughter of ...

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Willem Sewel (1653–1720) by Jacob de Later, 1705 (after Gerrit Rademaker) Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

Article

Souter, Alexander (1873–1949), patristic scholar and lexicographer, was born at Croft Park, Perth, on 14 August 1873, the eldest of four sons and two daughters of Alexander Souter (d. in or after 1899) and his wife, Elsie Cruickshank (d. in or after 1899)...

Article

Weymouth, Richard Francis (1822–1902), philologist and biblical scholar, was born at Plymouth Dock on 26 October 1822, the only son of Commander Richard Weymouth RN and his wife, Ann Sprague, also of a Devon family. After education at a private school he went to ...

Article

Wotton, William (1666–1727), linguist and theologian, was born on 13 August 1666 at Wrentham, Suffolk, the second son of Henry Wotton (d. 1679), rector of Wrentham, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1679). William had an extraordinary memory and was a prodigious natural linguist who could read Latin, Greek, and Hebrew verses when aged five. He was educated by his father, who described these remarkable abilities in ...