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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his 'father-in-law' ...

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Barclay, James (fl. 1763–1774), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was for many years a curate at All Saints' Church, Edmonton, Middlesex, and a teacher at schools in Goodman's Fields and Tottenham. In 1763 he published What is Meant by Coming to Christ...

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Beck, Cave (bap. 1622, d. 1706), writer on universal language and Church of England clergyman, second son of John Beck, 'pandoxator' or brewer, and Anne Flecher (probably née Cave, and widow of Adam Flecher), was born in the parish of St James's, Clerkenwell...

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Cawdrey, Robert (b. 1537/8?, d. in or after 1604), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was born in 1537 or 1538; his parentage is unknown. Although four of his five sons are recorded as having studied at Cambridge—Anthony, Thomas, and Zachary (father of ...

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Dawson, Benjamin (1729–1814), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born in Halifax, the sixth of the seven sons of Eli Dawson (d. 1744), Presbyterian minister of Morley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Taylor. He and his brother Thomas Dawson (c. 1725–1782)...

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Farrar, Frederic William (1831–1903), dean of Canterbury, novelist, and philologist, was born in the fort of Bombay on 7 August 1831, the second son of Revd Charles P. Farrar, then a chaplain with the Church Missionary Society, and his wife, Caroline Turner (...

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Gouldman, Francis (c. 1607–1688/9), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was the son of Richard Gouldman of Norfolk. Having been educated in London, by Thomas Farnaby, Francis matriculated as pensioner of Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1623; he proceeded BA in 1626–7 and MA in 1630. On 26 March 1634 he succeeded ...

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Holyoake, Francis (1566x73–1653), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was born at Nether Whitacre, Warwickshire. He was admitted to Queen's College, Oxford, as a commoner in 1582, but is not recorded as being admitted to a degree. Wood claims that he had been a schoolteacher. However, ...

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Kirkby, John (c. 1705–1754), Church of England clergyman and grammarian, claimed to have been born in Cumberland, though in the register of St John's College, Cambridge, from where he appears to have graduated BA in 1726, and proceeded MA in 1745, his birthplace is noted as ...

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Henry George Liddell (1811–1898) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Liddell, Henry George (1811–1898), lexicographer and dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was born at Binchester, co. Durham, on 6 February 1811, the eldest son of the Revd Henry George Liddell (1787–1872), and his wife (and first cousin), Charlotte Lyon (d. 1871), niece of the ...

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Littleton, Adam (1627–1694), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born on 2 November 1627 at Halesowen, which was then in Shropshire, the sixth son of Thomas Littleton, the vicar there. He claimed to descend from the ancient Littleton/Westcote family of ...

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Marshall, Thomas (1621–1685), dean of Gloucester and philologist, the son of Thomas Marshall (d. 1628), an illiterate blacksmith, and Helen James, was born at Barkby, Leicestershire, on 13 January 1621. Educated by Francis Foe, vicar of Barkby and alumnus of Lincoln College, Oxford...

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W. W. Wroth

revised by M. K. C. MacMahon

Nares, Robert (1753–1829), philologist and clergyman, was born on 9 June 1753 at York, one of the four children of James Nares (bap. 1715, d. 1783), organist of York Minster, and his second wife, Jane Bacon of York. He was the nephew of ...

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Paschall, Andrew (1631?–1696), Church of England clergyman and advocate for a universal language, was born in Soper Lane, London. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1647, proceeding BA in 1651, MA in 1654, and BD in 1661. A fellow of Queens'...

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Reeve [Rive], Edmund (d. 1660), linguistic scholar and Church of England clergyman, may have come from East Anglia (where the family name was well known) or had an early connection with Cambridge. In later life he acknowledged that 'the first instrument which Godd used for to instruct me in the catholicke faith' was ...

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Richards, Thomas (1709/10–1790), lexicographer and Church of England clergyman, was born in Carmarthenshire. Nothing is known of his family except that he had a brother called Lewis. He did not receive a university education. Before taking holy orders he was the master of a charity school supported by the principal of ...

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Scott, Robert (1811–1887), lexicographer and dean of Rochester, was born on 26 January 1811 at Bondleigh, Devon, the son of Alexander Scott (1781–1847), then rector there, and his wife, Agnes. His father moved to Egremont rectory, Cumberland, and Robert attended St Bees, and afterwards ...

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Robert Scott (1811–1887) by Samuel Alexander Walker, 1874 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stormonth, James (1824–1882), Episcopalian minister and lexicographer, was reputedly born in Edinburgh (The Athenaeum, 11 Feb 1882), the son of James Stormonth, fish curer, and his wife, Jane, née Robertson. He had at least one younger brother. He was educated at the ...