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Backhouse, Sir Edmund Trelawny, second baronet (1873–1944), Sinologist and fraudster, eldest of the four surviving sons of Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), a banker, and Florence (1845–1902), youngest daughter of Sir John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny, was born on 20 October 1873 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire...

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Barclay, Thomas (c. 1570–1632), jurist, was born in Aberdeen of unknown parents. He was sent to Bordeaux in the 1580s to study the Latin and Greek humanities and philosophy at the municipal Collège de Guyenne. This was one of the leading schools in ...

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Chalmers [Chambers], David, of Ormond (c. 1533–1592), historian and judge, was a younger son of Andrew Chalmers (fl. 1528–1554) of Strichen, Aberdeenshire, and his wife, Christine Fraser (fl. 1528–1554). He probably studied in Aberdeen (in the 1540s–1550s?) and certainly did so in ...

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J. A. Hamilton

revised by Beth F. Wood

Cooper, Charles Purton (1793–1873), lawyer and antiquary, was the son of Charles Cooper, linen draper, of St Dunstan, Kent, and Fleet Street, London. He was educated at Wadham College, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1810 and was a contemporary of Richard Bethell, first Lord Westbury...

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Crichton, George (c. 1555–1611), classical scholar and civil lawyer, was born in Scotland, but left his country at an early age in order to attend university in France, first in Paris (c.1577) and then in Toulouse (from 1578). There he studied jurisprudence and also taught both canon and civil law for four years. He mentioned his presence in ...

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Ellis, Thomas Peter (1873–1936), lawyer and historian, was born on 4 June 1873 at Berse Cottage, near Wrexham, Denbighshire, the second son of Peter Ellis, a grocer, and his wife, Mary, née Lewis. After the early death of his father Ellis's family resided at his maternal grandmother's home at ...

Article

Sidney Lee

revised by M. J. Mercer

Gahagan, Usher (d. 1749), classical scholar and coiner, came from a family in co. Westmeath, Ireland, but nothing more is known about his background or early life. He attended Trinity College, Dublin, with the intention of entering the law but his conversion to Catholicism while a student prevented him from being called to the bar. He left without taking a degree and was disowned by his parents. He married a wealthy heiress, whom he treated cruelly, and they soon separated. His conduct alienated his remaining friends, and with mounting debts he moved to ...

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Hardiman, James (1782–1855), historian and lawyer, was born in Westport, co. Mayo, in February 1782. He came of a family known in Irish as O'Hartigan. His father, who owned a small estate in Mayo, hoped that his son would become a priest. Hardiman...

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John Lesley (1527–1596) by unknown artist Marischal Museum, University of Aberdeen

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Lesley [Leslie], John (1527–1596), bishop of Ross, historian, and conspirator, was born on 29 September 1527, the eldest illegitimate son of Gavin Lesley, parson of Kingussie, Inverness-shire, a descendant of the Lesleys of Balquhain. His mother was apparently a Ruthin, daughter of the laird of ...

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Libri, Guglielmo [Count Guglielmo Bruto Icilio Timoleone Libri-Carrucci dalla Sommaia] (1802–1869), scientist, book collector, and thief, was born on 2 January 1802 (or possibly 1803) in Florence, the son of Count Giorgio Libri-Carrucci dalla Sommaia (1781–1836) and Rosa del Rosso (c.1783–1849)...

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John Lumley, first Baron Lumley (c. 1533–1609) unknown artist, c. 1570–79 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lumley, John, first Baron Lumley (c. 1533–1609), collector and conspirator, was the only son of George Lumley (d. 1537) [see under Lumley, John, fifth Baron Lumley 1492, 1545], conspirator, of Thwing, East Riding of Yorkshire, and his wife, Jane (d...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Adam I. P. Smith

Plowden, Francis Peter (1749–1829), lawyer and historian, the eighth son of William Ignatius Plowden, of Plowden, Shropshire, and Frances Dormer, daughter of Charles, Baron Dormer, was born at Plowden on 28 June 1749. His brother, Charles Plowden, later became rector of Stonyhurst College...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Mihail Dafydd Evans

Rothe, Robert (1550–1622), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 28 April 1550, the eldest son of David Rothe (d. in or after 1567) of Kilkenny, Ireland, and his wife, Anstace, daughter of Patrick Archer, also of Kilkenny. He was first cousin to ...

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Udall [Uvedale], William [pseud. William Stranguage] (fl. c. 1595–1636), historian and informer, was born into the influential Udall (or Uvedale) family, active in and around the echelons of power. According to his own recollections, he had a very good education and a Catholic upbringing in ...

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White, Richard (1539–1611), antiquary and jurist, was born in Basingstoke in 1539, the son of Henry White, who died at the siege of Boulogne in 1544, and of his wife, Agnes, daughter of Richard Capelin of Southampton. In 1553 White entered Winchester College...

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Richard White (1539–1611) by Lodovico Leoni, 1568 © Copyright The British Museum