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Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662), magistrate and antiquary, was born on 21 September 1581, the eldest son of Andrew Archer (d. 1629) of Umberslade, near Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, and Margaret (d. 1614), daughter of Simon Ralegh of Farnborough, Warwickshire. He was educated at ...

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Atwood, Thomas (d. 1793), judge in Dominica and the Bahamas and writer on economics and history, wrote that he spent several years of his life in Dominica, but his origins, as most of his other biographical details, are unknown. He was chief judge of ...

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Daines Barrington (1727/88–1800) by Charles Knight, 1795 (after Joseph Slater, 1770) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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Benson, Robert (1797–1844), judge and local historian of Salisbury, was born in the cathedral close, Salisbury, on 5 February 1797, the youngest son of the Revd Edmund Benson (d. 1835), vicar of Salisbury Cathedral, and his wife, Anne Hunt Grubbe. He was educated at a private school in ...

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James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (bap. 1714, d. 1799) by John Brown Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Burnett, James, Lord Monboddo (bap. 1714, d. 1799), judge and philosopher, was born at Monboddo, near Fordoun, Kincardineshire, and baptized on 25 October 1714. He was the eldest surviving son of James Burnett (b. 1688), third laird of Monboddo, and Elizabeth (1690–1765)...

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Chalmers [Chambers], David, of Ormond (c. 1533–1592), historian and judge, was a younger son of Andrew Chalmers (fl. 1528–1554) of Strichen, Aberdeenshire, and his wife, Christine Fraser (fl. 1528–1554). He probably studied in Aberdeen (in the 1540s–1550s?) and certainly did so in ...

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Sir David Dalrymple, third baronet, Lord Hailes (1726–1792) by Allan Ramsay, c. 1766–7 photograph by kind permission of The National Trust for Scotland

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Dalrymple, Sir David, third baronet, Lord Hailes (1726–1792), judge and historian, was born on 26 October 1726 in Edinburgh, the eldest of the sixteen children of Sir James Dalrymple, second baronet (1692–1751), and Christian (c.1703–1770), daughter of Thomas Hamilton, sixth earl of Haddington...

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Fisher, Sir Henry Arthur Pears [Harry] (1918–2005), barrister, judge, and college head, was born at The Hall, Repton, Derbyshire, on 20 January 1918, the eldest of six sons of the Revd Geoffrey Francis Fisher (1887–1972), then headmaster of Repton School, and his wife, ...

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Gifford, Adam, Lord Gifford (1820–1887), judge and benefactor, eldest son of James Gifford, administrator, and his wife, Catherine Ann, née West, teacher, was born at Edinburgh on 29 February 1820. His sister Mary married the Congregationalist minister Alexander Raleigh, and was the mother of ...

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Sir William Jones (1746–1794) by Arthur William Devis, c. 1793 The British Library

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Jones, Sir William (1746–1794), orientalist and judge, was born at Beaufort Buildings, Westminster, on 28 September 1746, the youngest child of William Jones (c. 1675–1749) and Mary Nix (c.1705–1780), the gifted daughter of a cabinet-maker. His father, a distinguished Welsh mathematician and a friend of ...

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Manwood, Sir Peter (1571–1625), judge and antiquary, was born at Hackington, Kent, the eldest son of Sir Roger Manwood (1524/5–1592), a judge, and his first wife, Dorothy (d. 1575), daughter of John Theobald, of Seal. His younger brothers John and Thomas died childless, while his two sisters married into the county's judicial élite: ...

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See Matcham, George

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Robert Dunlop

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Morris, William O'Connor (1824–1904), judge and historian, was born in Kilkenny city, Ireland, on 26 November 1824, the son of Benjamin Morris (d. 1846), sometime rector of Rincurran in the diocese of Cork and Cloyne, and Elizabeth, youngest daughter and coheir of ...

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Richard Mountney (1707–1768) by William Hogarth Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Mountney, Richard (1707–1768), judge and classical scholar, was born at Putney, London, where he was baptized on 9 November 1707, the son of Richard Mountney (1671?–1707), an officer of the customs house, and Maria (or Anne), née Carey. He had at least one sibling, a sister named ...

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Stuart, James (1868–1942), magistrate and historian in South Africa, was born in Pietermaritzburg, Natal, on 30 January 1868, the eldest of the six children (four sons and two daughters, one of whom died in infancy) of Martinus Stuart (1841–1881), Natal magistrate, and his wife, ...