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Æthelweard [Ethelwerd] (d. 998?), chronicler and magnate, was ealdorman of south-western England. He styled himself 'Patricius Consul Fabius Quaestor', a latinization of 'Æthel-/ealdorman/Fabius/-weard'. He was the father of Æthelmær, grandfather of one Æthelweard and grandfather-in-law of another: all also ealdormen, and two of the same south-western ealdormanry as ...

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Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor, was a daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), and his second wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219). Born some time after 1209, the date of her parents' marriage, her distinctive Gaelic name, ...

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Benolt, Thomas (d. 1534), herald and diplomat, may have been born at Rouen; his mother's maiden name was Meautis, but his father's identity is not known. It was with Calais, however, that the family had its strongest links; Benolt is generally thought to have been a native of ...

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William Bruges (c. 1375–1450) manuscript illumination, c. 1430 [kneeling, right] The British Library

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Bruges, William (c. 1375–1450), herald, was the son of Richard Bruges, Lancaster king of arms, and Katherine, whose maiden name may have been Hawley. He was appointed Chester herald on 7 June 1398 by letters patent under the seal of the new principality of ...

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Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge, was usually known as Elizabeth de Burgh, and was described by herself and others as lady of Clare. She was the youngest daughter of ...

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Lyndsay [Lindsay], Sir David (c. 1486–1555), writer and herald, was the eldest son of David Lyndsay (d. in or before 1524), who held lands in the Mount, located just outside Cupar in Fife, and in Garleton, near Haddington in East Lothian. The identity of his mother is unknown. He had four brothers: ...

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Machado, Roger [Ruy] (d. 1510), diplomat and herald, was probably of Portuguese extraction and may have lived among the Portuguese merchants at Bruges in 1455.

Machado first appears as Leicester herald on missions to the Low Countries in 1478 or 1479 and in 1480. He was possibly the Leicester herald present at the marriage of ...

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More [Moore], Sir Thomas Laurence de la (fl. 1327–1358), landowner and supposed chronicler, was the son of John Laurence de la More and a kinsman (nepos), possibly nephew, of Archbishop John Stratford (c. 1275–1348). Thomas's wife was called Isabel, a name also borne by ...

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Mary de St Pol, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377) workshop of Jean Pucelle, c. 1320 [kneeling, left, before St Cecilia] by permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library

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St Pol, Mary de, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377), magnate and founder of Pembroke College, Cambridge, was the fourth daughter of Guy de Châtillon, count of St Pol (d. 1317), and of Mary of Brittany, granddaughter of Henry III. She had five sisters and two brothers, but nothing is known of her childhood. Both ...

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Upton, Nicholas (c. 1400–1457), cleric, lawyer, and writer on warfare and heraldry, was probably the second son of John and Elizabeth Upton who came from Portlinch, near Newton, Devon. Claims that he was born in Somerset are dubious. Enrolled as a scholar of ...

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Wriothesley [formerly Writhe], Sir Thomas (d. 1534), herald, was born at ‘Colatford’, Wiltshire, the elder son and second of four children of John Writhe, Garter king of arms (d. 1504), and his first wife, Barbara (d. 1480/1483), daughter of John or Januarius (Janvier) Castlecombe or Dunstanville...

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Writhe, John (d. 1504), herald, was probably the son of William Writhe, who represented the borough of Cricklade in the parliament of 1450–51 and was receiver to John Beaufort, duke of Somerset, and of Agnes, daughter of John Gibbes. After his death he was incorrectly named ...