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Ascham, Roger (1514/15–1568), author and royal tutor, was born at Kirby Wiske, near Northallerton in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the third of the four sons of John Ascham (d. 1544), steward to Henry, seventh Lord Scrope of Bolton, and his wife, ...

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Belmaine, Jean (fl. 1546–1559), royal tutor, is of uncertain origins. He probably came to England from France in the wake of the French persecutions of religious evangelicals after the edict of Fontainebleau (1540). He certainly had Calvinist sympathies: his corrections to Edward VI's...

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Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy (1516–1544), courtier and patron of learning, was the eldest son of William Blount, fourth Baron Mountjoy (c. 1478–1534), and his third wife, Alice Brown, née Kebel (or Keble; d. 1521). Charles was born on 28 June 1516 in ...

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Buck [Buc], Sir George (bap. 1560, d. 1622), master of the revels and historian, was baptized in Holy Trinity, Ely, Cambridgeshire, on 1 October 1560, the eldest son and probably second of the four children of Robert Buck (d. 1580), church official, and ...

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Cheke, Sir John (1514–1557), humanist, royal tutor, and administrator, was born on 16 June 1514 in a house on the corner of Market Hill and Petty Cury in Cambridge, the son of Peter Cheke (d. 1530), administrator, of Cambridge, and his wife, ...

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Sir John Cheke (1514–1557) attrib. Lodovico Leoni, c. 1555 © Copyright The British Museum

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Cotterell [Cottrell], Sir Charles (1615–1701), courtier and translator, was born in Wilsford, Lincolnshire, on Good Friday, 7 April 1615, and baptized there two days later, the only son (there were four daughters) of Sir Clement Cotterell (1585–1631) and his wife, Anne Alleyne (...

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Cottrell [Cotterell; afterwards Cottrell-Dormer], Sir Clement (1686–1758), courtier and antiquary, was born on 2 April 1686 in St Martin's Lane, Westminster, and baptized at the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields two days later, on Easter day. He was the sixth of the seven children of ...

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Crawford [married name Buthlay], Marion Kirk [called Crawfie] (1909–1988), royal governess and author, was born on 5 June 1909 at Woodside Cottage, near Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, the daughter of John Inglis Crawford of Earlston, Ayrshire, and his wife, Margaret (later Mrs Robert Kirk)...

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Dalton, John Neale (1839–1931), Church of England clergyman and royal tutor, was born on the Isle of Thanet, Kent, on 24 September 1839, the eldest of five sons (among nine children) of John Neale Dalton (1808–1880), a Church of England clergyman, and his wife (and first cousin), ...

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Duwes [Dewes], Giles [pseud. Aegidius de Vadis] (d. 1535), musician and royal tutor, was perhaps of Norman origin; the village of Le Vey on the plain of Caen was then called Wez and Latinized as Vadum. One of the many useful foreigners who served ...

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Dymoke, Sir Henry, baronet (1801–1865), king's champion, eldest son of John Dymoke (1764–1828), rector of Scrivelsby and prebendary of Lincoln, and his wife, Amelia Jane Alice, née Elphinston (d. 1856), was born on 5 March 1801 at Scrivelsby, Lincolnshire. He was distinguished solely by representing his father (who deemed the office incompatible with that of a clergyman) as hereditary king's champion at the banquet in ...

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Fairfax, Brian (1633–1711), scholar and courtier, was born on 6 October 1633 in the rectory at Newton Kyme in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the third and second surviving son of Henry Fairfax (1588–1665), the rector, and his wife, Mary (c.1593–1650)...

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Lady Charlotte Finch (1725–1813) by William Hopkins, 1787 © Crown copyright in photograph: UK Government Art Collection

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Finch [née Fermor], Lady Charlotte (1725–1813), royal governess, was born on 14 February 1725, the second daughter in the family of ten children of Thomas Fermor, first earl of Pomfret (1698–1753), courtier, of Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, and Henrietta Louisa Jeffreys (1698–1761), letter writer and diarist [...

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Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, first baronet (1580–1656) by unknown artist, 1621 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Gordon, Sir Robert, of Gordonstoun, first baronet (1580–1656), historian and courtier, was born on 14 May 1580 at Dunrobin Castle, Sutherland, the fourth son of Alexander Gordon, twelfth earl of Sutherland (1552–1594) [see under Gordon, John, eleventh earl of Sutherland (1525–1567)], and his second wife, ...

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Grindal, William (d. 1548), royal tutor, was educated at Cambridge University, probably at St John's College, where he graduated BA in 1541/2. Nothing is known about his earlier life, but it is possible that he was related to Edmund Grindal, the future archbishop of ...

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Haward, Sir William (c. 1617–1704), courtier and antiquary, was the third son of John Haward (c.1571–1631) of Tandridge Hall, Surrey, and his first with his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Angell, gentleman pensioner to James I. In November 1635 Haward...

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Hellowes, Edward (fl. 1574–1601), courtier and translator, was once thought to be a member of the Hallows family of Glapwell and Dethick, Derbyshire, although there is no documentary evidence to support this. He may be the Edward Hellowes who married Eleanor Showell at ...