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Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, tenth baronet (1787–1871), politician and philanthropist, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, ninth baronet (d. 1794), and Henrietta Anne (d. 1841), the only daughter of Sir Richard Hoare, was born in London on 29 March 1787. He became heir to the family estates when his father died on 17 May 1794. He was educated at ...

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Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 28 November 1810 at Brockholes, near Brookhouse, Ovenden, Halifax, the eldest of the ten children of Jonathan Akroyd (1782–1847) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of David Wright of Ovenden. Educated locally by an Anglican clergyman and at the ...

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Alexander, George William (1802–1890), banker and philanthropist, was born on 25 April 1802 in Bunhill Row, London, the first of nine children, eight of whom survived to maturity, of William Alexander (1769–1819), bill broker, and his wife, Ann Alexander, née Barber (1774/5–1861), of ...

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Allen, Ralph (bap. 1693, d. 1764), postal entrepreneur and philanthropist, was baptized on 24 July 1693 in the parish church of St Columb Major in Cornwall, one of four children of Philip Allen (d. 1728). Much remains obscure about his early life, but his father is reputed to have kept an inn in nearby ...

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William Allen (1770–1843) by Henry Perronet Briggs, exh. RA 1844 Museum of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

Article

Leslie Stephen

revised by G. F. Bartle

Allen, William (1770–1843), philanthropist and scientist, was born on 29 August 1770 at Stewart Street, the Old Artillery Ground, Spitalfields, London, the eldest of the six sons of Job Allen (1734–1800) and his wife, Margaret Stafford (d. 1830). His father, a silk manufacturer, was a member of the ...

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Margaret Ashton (1856–1937) by Henry Lamb Manchester City Art Galleries / Estate of Henry Lamb

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Ashton, Margaret (1856–1937), local politician and philanthropist, was born on 19 January 1856 at Ashfield, Wilmslow Road, in Withington, Manchester, the third of the six daughters and three sons of Thomas Ashton (1818–1898), a wealthy cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth (1831–1914), daughter of ...

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Ashton, Thomas (1818–1898), cotton manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 8 December 1818 at Flowery Fields House, Hyde, Cheshire, sixth child to Thomas Ashton (1775–1845) of Flowery Fields and his wife, Harriet, née Booth. He was educated first at a Liverpool academy and then at the ...

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Astor, (Francis) David Langhorne (1912–2001), newspaper editor and philanthropist, was born on 5 March 1912 at 4 St James's Square, London, the second of four sons and third of five children of Waldorf Astor, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952), and his wife, Nancy Witcher, ...

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(Francis) David Langhorne Astor (1912–2001) by David Rubinger, 1964 [centre, with Observer staff] Getty Images

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Atherton, Eleanora (1782–1870), philanthropist, was born on 14 February 1782, the elder of the two surviving daughters of the four children of Henry Atherton, (1740–1816) of Lincoln's Inn, barrister, and his wife, Ann (1751–1826), daughter of Edward Byrom (1724–1773) of Manchester and his wife, ...

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Atkinson [née Gaynor], Sarah (1823–1893), philanthropist and writer, was born on 13 October 1823 in Athlone, co. Westmeath, Ireland, the eldest of five daughters and one son of John and Anne Gaynor. She was educated at home; the family moved to Dublin...

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Aylward, Margaret Louisa (1810–1889), philanthropist and Roman Catholic nun, was born on 23 November 1810 in Thomas Street, Waterford, the fifth child of William Aylward (d. 1840), merchant, and his wife, Ellen Mullowney, née Murphy (c.1781–c.1860). There were ten children born of the marriage, and a half-brother, from ...

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Thomas Babington (1758–1837) by Charles E. Wagstaff (after John Hoppner) © Copyright The British Museum

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

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Baker, George (1825–1910), municipal politician and philanthropist, was born at Birmingham, on 11 May 1825, the eldest son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Edward Baker (1800–1857), grocer and later blacking manufacturer, and his wife, Maria, née Downing (1794/5–1869)...

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Louisa Caroline Baring, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903) by Carlo, Baron Marochetti, 1861 property of the Marquess of Northampton; Beedle & Cooper

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...