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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Neil Arnott (1788–1874) by Smyth (after Jabez Hogg) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Carpenter, Alfred John (1825–1892), physician and propagandist for the cause of sewage farming, the son of John William Carpenter, surgeon, of Rothwell, Northamptonshire, was born at Rothwell on 28 May 1825. He attended Moulton grammar school in Lincolnshire, before becoming a pupil of ...

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Greenhill, William Alexander (1814–1894), physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Stationers' Hall, London, on 1 January 1814, the youngest of the three sons of George Greenhill (1766–1850), secretary to the Stationers' Company, and his wife, Sarah Ann. The Greenhill family had a long-standing association with the ...

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Lee, Edwin (d. 1870), writer on medical reform and spa physician, was born some time around the beginning of the nineteenth century. Nothing is known about his early years and information about his parents appears non-existent. He was articled under the Royal College of Surgeons, London...

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Annie McCall (1859–1949) by Deneulain Wellcome Library, London

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...

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Parkes, Edmund Alexander (1819–1876), physician and hygienist, was born in Bloxham, Oxfordshire, on 29 March 1819, one of the sons of William (1788–1840) and Frances Parkes, née Byerley (1786–1842) [see under Byerley, Maria], of Warwick. His father was a textile manufacturer and his mother, the daughter of ...

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Edmund Alexander Parkes (1819–1876) by Barraud Wellcome Library, London

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Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries, was born at Govan, Glasgow, on 29 December 1857, the youngest son of George Philip, a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, whose charge was Union Church, Govan, and his wife, ...

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Dame Cicely Mary Strode Saunders (1918–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement, was born on 22 June 1918 at Linden Lodge, Bedford Avenue, Barnet, Hertfordshire, the daughter of (Philip) Gordon Saunders (d. 1961), land surveyor, and his wife, Mary Christian, ...

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C. L. Falkiner

revised by Patrick Wallis

Steevens, Richard (1653–1710), physician and benefactor, and Grizell Steevens (1653–1747), his sister, born in Wiltshire, were the twin children of John Steevens (d. 1682), an English royalist clergyman, and his wife, Constance. The family left Wiltshire for Ireland some time after 1654, and ...

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Sutherland, John (1808–1891), physician and promoter of sanitary science, the son of William Sutherland, a saddler, was born in Edinburgh in December 1808, and educated at Edinburgh high school. He became a licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh in 1827, and graduated MD at the university in 1831. After spending some time on the continent he practised for a short period in ...

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Wolstenholme, Sir Gordon Ethelbert Ward (1913–2004), physician, charity director, and promoter of public health care, was born on 28 May 1913 at 22 Tapton Crescent Road, Ecclesall, Sheffield, the first son and third of five children of George Ethelbert Wolstenholme (1875–1940), chemical engineer and industrialist, and his wife, ...