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Geddes, Sir Patrick (1854–1932), social evolutionist and city planner, was born at Ballater, west Aberdeenshire, Scotland, on 2 October 1854, the youngest son of Alexander Geddes (1808–1899), and his wife, Janet Stivenson. His father was a quartermaster in the Black Watch; his mother came from a family of strict Presbyterian covenanters....

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Sir Patrick Geddes (1854–1932) by Lafayette, 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Penty, Arthur Joseph (1875–1937), architect and social thinker, was born at 16 Elmwood Street, St Laurence, York, on 17 March 1875, the second son of Walter Green Penty (1852–1902), architect, and his wife, Emma Seller. After attending St Peter's School in York he was apprenticed in 1888 to his father. Working in the leading architectural firm in late Victorian ...