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Allen, Ralph (bap. 1693, d. 1764), postal entrepreneur and philanthropist, was baptized on 24 July 1693 in the parish church of St Columb Major in Cornwall, one of four children of Philip Allen (d. 1728). Much remains obscure about his early life, but his father is reputed to have kept an inn in nearby ...

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Sir (Stevenson) Arthur Blackwood (1832–1893) by Elliott & Fry, 1890 Howarth-Loomes Collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Blackwood, Sir (Stevenson) Arthur (1832–1893), secretary of the Post Office, was born at Rosslyn Lodge, The Grove, Hampstead, on 22 May 1832, the only son of Arthur Johnstone Blackwood (1808–1874), groom of the privy chamber, and Cecilia Georgiana (d. 1881), daughter of the ...

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[Anon.]

revised by C. R. Perry

Chalmers, James (1782–1853), Post Office reformer, was born in Arbroath on 2 February 1782, and at an early age became a bookseller in Castle Street, Dundee, and was for some time the printer and publisher of the Dundee Chronicle. He married a Miss Dickson...

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Craig, Maria (1822–1905), Post Office official, was born in Dublin and was the wife, and almost certainly by 1853 the widow, of Robert Craig, a classical tutor, with whom she had at least two sons and two daughters. Her significance lies in her recruitment in 1853 as one of the first female employees of the private telegraph service and the ...

Article

Dockwra [Dockwray], William (bap. 1635?, d. 1716), promoter of the penny post and copper and brass manufacturer, was born in the parish of St Olave Jewry, London, and was almost certainly the son of John Dockrey (d. 1646×50), armourer, and his wife, ...

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Freeling, Sir Francis, first baronet (1764–1836), postal administrator and book collector, was born at Redcliffe Hill, Bristol, on 25 August 1764. Freeling began his career in the Bristol post office, where he witnessed the successful trial, in 1784, of John Palmer's scheme for a mail coach service. In 1785 he was appointed principal, and resident surveyor in ...

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See Freeling, Sir Francis, first baronet

Article

Goddard, Mary Katherine (1738–1816), printer and postmaster, was born on 16 June 1738 in either Groton or New London, Connecticut, the eldest surviving child of Giles Goddard (c.1703–1757), a physician, and Sarah Goddard [née Updike] (c. 1700–1770), printer and newspaper publisher...

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Heaton, Sir John Henniker, first baronet (1848–1914), postal reformer, was born at Rochester on 18 May 1848, the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Heaton, of Heaton, Lancashire, and his wife, Helen, daughter and coheir of John Henniker, of Rochester. Educated at Kent House School...

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Sir John Henniker Heaton, first baronet (1848–1914) by unknown photographer, 1895 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Hill, Edwin (1793–1876), civil servant and inventor of postal machinery, was born on 25 November 1793 at Birmingham, the second of the eight children of Thomas Wright Hill (1763–1851), schoolmaster, and his wife, Sarah Lea (1765–1842), daughter of William Lea. His elder brother was ...

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Sir Rowland Hill (1795–1879) by Maull & Polyblank, c. 1860 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hill, Sir Rowland (1795–1879), postal reformer and civil servant, was born on 3 December 1795 at 96 Blackwell Street, Kidderminster, third of the eight children of Thomas Wright Hill (1763–1851), schoolmaster, and his wife, Sarah Lea (1765–1842).

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Palmer, John (1742–1818), theatre proprietor and postal reformer, was born in Bath, probably at 1 Gallaway's Buildings, the third child and only son of John Palmer (1702/3–1788) and his wife, Jane Long (1714/15–1783). His family were prosperous tradesmen in Bath, to which town his grandfather had moved, probably from ...

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John Palmer (1742–1818) by George Dance, 1793 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Scudamore, Frank Ives (1823–1884), writer and Post Office administrator, was born in February 1823 in Eltham, Kent, the son of John Scudamore, a solicitor from a prominent Herefordshire family, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of Colonel Francis Downman. Educated at Christ's Hospital, he married, in 1851, ...

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Frank Ives Scudamore (1823–1884) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tilley, Sir John (1813–1898), Post Office administrator, was born on 20 January 1813 in Peckham, Surrey, the son of John Tilley, merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Fraser. After being educated at a private school in Bromley, Kent, Tilley in 1829 was appointed a clerk in the ...

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Todd, Anthony (bap. 1718, d. 1798), foreign secretary of the Post Office, was born at Bridge End Farm, Frosterley, in co. Durham, and baptized at Stanhope, co. Durham, on 20 February 1718; he was the second son and fourth child of Thomas Todd (...