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Arundell, John (c. 1400–1477), physician and bishop of Chichester, was a Cornishman, almost certainly of the Lanherne branch of the family, whose arms he bore. The likelihood is that he was the son of Sir John Arundell (d. 1433), landowner, and his wife, ...

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Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

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Norman Moore

revised by Sarah Bakewell

Chambre, John (1470–1549), physician and cleric, was born in Northumberland. He studied at Oxford, where he was elected fellow of Merton College in 1492, and, after taking orders, became rector of Tichmarsh in Northamptonshire. Having obtained his MA, he visited Italy and studied medicine there, graduating at ...

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Dominian, Jacobus [Jack] (1929–2014), psychiatrist and author, was born in Athens, on 25 August 1929, the third child and second son of Charles Joseph Dominian (1889–1960), a bank cashier of Armenian descent, and his Greek wife, Mary, née Scarlatou...

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Evesham, Hugh of (d. 1287), physician and cardinal, was born, and possibly educated, at Evesham, before first making his name at Oxford University, where he distinguished himself as a peacemaker in various university disputes between 1267 and 1274. However, he sided with the Dominicans against the Franciscans in their battle over evangelical poverty in 1269. In 1275 he was granted licence, as archdeacon of ...

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Exeter [Newetone], William (d. 1359), physician and theologian, probably came from Newton Abbot, Devon, but nothing is known of him before 28 July 1318, when he was provided to the rectory of Stoke in Teignhead, Devon, at the request of Walter Stapeldon, bishop of ...

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Faricius (d. 1117), doctor and abbot of Abingdon, was a native of Italy. Born in Arezzo, he became the foremost physician in England, a man of letters, a powerfully effective monastic reformer and administrator, and one of the most highly regarded servants of ...

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Farnham, Nicholas of (d. 1257), royal doctor and bishop of Durham, was a native of the south of England, probably of Farnham in Surrey. It is likely that he was born in the reign of Henry II, and before 1200 had started his academic career at ...

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Gilbert the Englishman [Gilbertus Anglicus, Gilbertus de Aquila, Gilbert de l' Egle] (d. c. 1250), priest and medical writer, was the author of the most important medical and surgical work of the English middle ages, the Compendium medicinae. Originally written in Latin, the ...

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Kearney, Theresa [name in religion Mary Kevin] (1875–1957), medical missionary, was born on 28 April 1875 on a small farm in Knockenrahan, Arklow, co. Wicklow, the posthumous child of Michael Kearney (d. 1875), and youngest daughter of his wife, Theresa Grennell...

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Kingsford [née Bonus], Anna [Annie] (1846–1888), physician and spiritualist, was born on 16 September 1846 at Maryland Point, Stratford, Essex. She was a sickly child, the youngest daughter of twelve children born to Elizabeth Ann Schröder and her husband, John Bonus (...

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Kymer, Gilbert (d. 1463), dean of Salisbury and physician, is first noticed in university records as principal of Hart Hall, Oxford, in 1411, a post he still held in 1414. He received his MA in 1412, and was in that year senior proctor of the university. His DM was awarded about 1423 and he was bachelor of civil law by 1433. He was elected university chancellor on 10 December 1431 and had resigned by March 1434. During that time, he rented a school from ...

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Melton, Geoffrey (d. in or before 1411), priest and physician, was one of several Oxford physicians who made a career out of university service, incomes from the church, and royal patronage. First mention of him occurs in February 1377, when, as master of arts, he was admonished not to carry arms in a university conflict. No other university degrees are recorded beyond this, although ...

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Mirfield, John [Johannes de Mirfeld] (d. 1407), ecclesiastic and medical writer, became chaplain of the hospital of St Bartholomew, Smithfield, in London. His two massive Latin encyclopaedias, Breviarium Bartholomei and Florarium Bartholomei, are unusually rich sources for information about medical lore in late-medieval ...

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Rahere [Rayer] (d. 1143x5), founder of St Bartholomew's Hospital and priory, London, was of unknown origins. The one authoritative source for his life, Liber fundacionis ecclesiae Sancti Bartholomei Londoniensis written some forty years after his death but existing only in a fifteenth-century text, describes '...

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Ruspini, Bartholomew [Bartolomeo] (1730–1813), dentist and prominent freemason, was born on 21 February 1730 at Ca Bonoré, Romacolo, in the parish of Grumello de' Zanchi 18 km north of Bergamo, Italy, the eldest of the eight children of Giovanni Andrea Ruspini (1707–1769) and his wife, ...

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Bartholomew Ruspini (1730–1813) by Ozias Humphry, 1776 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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St Giles, John of (d. 1259/60), Dominican friar and physician, has often been confused with other persons. It is not clear whether he was identical with the Master John of St Giles who twice attested charters of Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury, probably in the period 1220–28. Nor is it known where he began his studies, though ...

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Tingewick, Nicholas (d. in or before 1339), ecclesiastic and physician, was an intermittently active university official and churchman, with a medical practice which has left more records than that of most physicians of his time. As Master Nicholas, clerk, he was presented to the rectory of ...

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Vavasour, Thomas (d. 1585), physician and recusant, was a younger son of Sir Peter Vavasour (d. in or after 1556) of Spaldington, Yorkshire, and Elizabeth Windsor; the family was a cadet branch of the Vavasours of Hazelwood Castle. Thomas Vavasour was educated at ...