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Bomelius, Eliseus (d. 1579), physician and astrologer, born in Wesel, Westphalia, was probably the son of Henry Bomelius (d. 1570), a native of Bommel (now Zaltbommel) in the Netherlands, who from 1540 to 1559 was Lutheran preacher at Wesel, and the author of several religious and historical books of wide repute. The ...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Sarah Bakewell

Chambre, John (1470–1549), physician and cleric, was born in Northumberland. He studied at Oxford, where he was elected fellow of Merton College in 1492, and, after taking orders, became rector of Tichmarsh in Northamptonshire. Having obtained his MA, he visited Italy and studied medicine there, graduating at ...

Article

Colledge, Thomas Richardson (1796–1879), surgeon and missionary in China, received his medical education in London under Sir Astley Cooper. He practised in Canton (Guangzhou) and Macau and some other Chinese ports, first under the East India Company, and then under the crown, and was superintending surgeon of the hospitals for British seamen. During his residence in ...

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Nicholas Culpeper (1616–1654) by Thomas Cross, pubd 1649 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Culpeper, Nicholas (1616–1654), physician and astrologer, the son of Nicholas Culpeper and his wife, Mary Attersole, was born a little after noon on 18 October 1616, probably at Ockley, Surrey, where he was baptized in St Margaret's Church on 24 October. His father, the rector of ...

Article

Douglas, Thomas (d. c. 1684), ejected minister and physician, is of unknown parentage and background. He graduated MA of the University of Edinburgh on 23 May 1655 and by at least 1661 was the rector of St Olave, Silver Street, London. Douglas wrote several tracts including ...

Article

Gilpin, Richard (1625–1700), nonconformist minister and physician, was born in October 1625 in Strickland Ketel township, Westmorland, and baptized on 23 October in the parish church at Kendal, the second son of Isaac Gilpin (d. in or after 1649) of Strickland and his wife, ...

Article

Jinner, Sarah (fl. 1658–1664), compiler of almanacs and medical practitioner, has left no trace of her family or background and is known only through the pioneering series of almanacs she published from 1658 to 1664, aimed mainly at women. Her woodcut portrait depicts an elegantly dressed figure, and her style indicates that she was well educated and aiming at a respectable audience. The almanacs are distinctive for their spirited assertion of women's abilities, their frank treatment of female medical problems, and their combative observations on contemporary politics. Acknowledging in her first edition that readers 'may wonder to see one of our Sex in print, especially in the Celestial Sciences' (...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by Stephen Wright

Kett, Francis (c. 1547–1589), physician and alleged heretic, was born in Wymondham, Norfolk, the son of Thomas Kett (c.1500–1553), gentleman, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1573), and nephew of Robert Kett (c. 1492–1549). After the death of her husband, Agnes...

Article

Kirby, Richard (1649–1693?), astrologer and medical practitioner, was born on 13 July 1649 of unknown parentage. In an early work he apologized for his mean education. Henry Coley (1633–1704), a close friend, was probably his astrological teacher. His early works, ephemerides for 1681 and 1682 and an almanac for 1684, were uncontroversial but ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Lynda Stephenson Payne

Lobb, Theophilus (1678–1763), physician and nonconformist minister, born in London on 17 August 1678, was the son of the nonconformist divine Stephen Lobb (d. 1699), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1691), the daughter of Theophilus Polwhele (d. 1689), nonconformist minister at Tiverton, Devon...

Article

Morgan, Thomas (1671/2?–1743), theological and medical writer, was of Welsh origin and is said to have been 'a poor lad in a farmer's house' ( Protestant Dissenter's Magazine, 258) near Bridgwater, Somerset. Of his parents nothing is known. In his youth he showed enough promise for a dissenting minister, ...

Article

Morton, Richard (bap. 1637, d. 1698), ejected minister and physician, was baptized on 30 July 1637 in the parish of Ribbesford, Worcestershire, the son of Robert Morton, the minister from 1635 to 1646 of Bewdley Chapel in that parish and a friend of ...

Article

Park, John Ranicar (1779–1847), physiologist and theological writer, was born in Liverpool on 11 May 1779, the son of the eminent surgeon Henry Park (1745–1831) and his wife, the eldest daughter of Mr Ranicar of West Leigh Hall, Leigh, Lancashire; he had eight sisters and no brothers. ...