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Best, Paul (1590–1657), scholar and religious writer, was born in 1590 (before 12 August) probably at Hutton Cranswick, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the first of the six children of James Best (d. 1617), yeoman farmer, and his first wife, Dorothy (...

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Bradshaw, Henry (d. 1513), scholar and hagiographer, was a Benedictine monk of the abbey of St Werburgh, Chester. He was probably professed in the mid-1490s since he was ordained subdeacon in 1499 and deacon and priest the following year. Although there is no evidence to corroborate ...

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(Florence Estienne) Meric Casaubon (1599–1671) by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, pubd 1709 (after Adriaen van der Werff) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine, was born on 14 August 1599 in Geneva, the tenth of the seventeen children of Isaac Casaubon (1559–1614), classical scholar and church historian, and his second wife, Florence (1568?–1636), daughter of Henri Estienne. Meric was the most scholarly of ...

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Dodwell, Henry (1641–1711), scholar and theologian, was born in late October 1641 in the parish of St Warburgh, Dublin, the only surviving son of William Dodwell (d. 1650), army officer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1651), daughter of Sir Francis Slingsby...

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Henry Dodwell (1641–1711) by Michael Vandergucht, pubd 1715 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Janeway, John (1633–1657), scholar and writer on religion, was born at Lilley, Hertfordshire, on 27 October 1633 and was baptized there on 4 December, the second son of William Janeway (d. 1654), curate of the parish. His brother James Janeway (1636–1674) was after the Restoration pastor of a presbyterian congregation at ...

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Maxwell, James (b. 1581?, d. in or after 1635), scholar and theological controversialist, is said to have been the sole son of William Maxwell of Little Airds. He frequently expressed pride in being the grandson of William Maxwell of Kirkconnel (fl. 1540–1567), who had served ...

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Smith, Thomas (1624–1661), scholar and theological controversialist, was born in London, the son of Thomas Smith (mother's name unknown), and educated at St Paul's School. He was admitted as a sizar at Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1640, and took the degrees of BA in 1644, MA in 1647, and BD in 1654. He was ordained (presumably covertly) by ...

Article

White, Stephen (b. c. 1574, d. in or after 1646), scholar and theologian, was born in Clonmel, Ireland. Although the details of his parentage are unknown it appears that he belonged to the mercantile élite which also produced the Jesuit Thomas White, rector of the ...