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Ælfric of Eynsham [Ælfric Grammaticus, Ælfric the Homilist] (c. 950–c. 1010), Benedictine abbot of Eynsham and scholar, is of unknown origins, though his language suggests he came from Wessex. He was educated under Æthelwold in the monastic school at Winchester, and after becoming a monk and priest was sent about 987 to the abbey of ...

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 709/10), abbot of Malmesbury, bishop of Sherborne, and scholar, was a prolific Latin author whose idiosyncratic style of composition in the media of prose and verse, both metrical and rhythmical, was profoundly influential both in England and on the continent up to the Norman conquest. His life is moderately well documented: ...

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 70910) drawing The British Library

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Benedict Biscop [St Benedict Biscop] (c. 628–689), abbot of Wearmouth and scholar, was born about 628 of a noble Northumbrian family, named in the life of Bishop Wilfrid by Stephen of Ripon (Eddius Stephanus) as Baducing. Bede provides the chief narrative for his life in the ...

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Butler, Edward Joseph Aloysius [name in religion Cuthbert] (1858–1934), abbot of Downside and scholar, was born in Dublin on 6 May 1858, the only child of Edward Butler (d. 1902), barrister, and his wife, Mary Cruise (d. 1897). His father had been professor of mathematics in ...

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Cornwall, Peter of (1139/40–1221), scholar and prior of Holy Trinity, Aldgate, was born on his father's estates in or near Launceston, Cornwall, the son of Jordan of Trecarrel (d. c.1180), sometime praepositus (or provost) of Launceston. In his Liber revelationum, book 1, chapter 6, he gives some account of his father's character, and he relates stories concerning his grandfather ...

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Fridugisus [Frithugils, Nathanael] (d. 833), abbot and scholar, was called Frithugils in his native Old English and nicknamed Nathanael by his teacher Alcuin, whom he followed from York to the continent. There he sometimes served as an emissary and was later a teacher at the court school of the Frankish emperor ...

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John the Old Saxon (fl. c. 885–904), scholar and abbot of Athelney, was invited to England by King Alfred and contributed to Alfred's revival of English learning. In his life of Alfred, the Welshman Asser reports that John 'was a man of most acute intelligence, immensely learned in all fields of literary endeavour, and extremely ingenious in many other forms of expression' (...

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Joseph Scottus (d. 791x804), abbot and scholar, was of Irish origins. Educated under the renowned Colcu, probably at Clonmacnoise in central Ireland, he later studied at York with Alcuin, probably in the 770s. The Frisian Liudger (later bishop of Münster) was also a student at ...

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James Tait

revised by James G. Clark

Legat, Hugh (fl. c. 1399–1427), scholar and prior of Redbourn, a native of Hertfordshire according to John Bale, was probably a member of the family that held a manor at Abbots Walden in that county, belonging to the Benedictine monks of St Albans...

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Laurentia Margaret McLachlan (1866–1953) by unknown photographer, 1923 Stanbrook Abbey Trustees

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McLachlan, Laurentia Margaret (1866–1953), abbess of Stanbrook and scholar, was born on 11 January 1866 at Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, and baptized Margaret at St Margaret's Church, Airdrie, the youngest of the seven children of Henry McLachlan (1828–1890), accountant, and his wife, Mary McAleese (1828–1900)...

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Neckam [Neckham, Nequam], Alexander (1157–1217), scholar and abbot of Cirencester, was born at St Albans, Hertfordshire, in September 1157, on the same night as Richard I. Alexander's mother, Hodierna, was chosen as Richard's foster mother; she suckled both children together. Alexander received his early education in the town of ...

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Whethamstede [Bostock], John (c. 1392–1465), scholar and abbot of St Albans, was probably born at Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, c.1392—in 1442 he was described as being 'in about his fiftieth year' (CEPR letters, 9.266). His father, Hugh Bostock (c.1360–c...