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Ælfric of Eynsham [Ælfric Grammaticus, Ælfric the Homilist] (c. 950–c. 1010), Benedictine abbot of Eynsham and scholar, is of unknown origins, though his language suggests he came from Wessex. He was educated under Æthelwold in the monastic school at Winchester, and after becoming a monk and priest was sent about 987 to the abbey of ...

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 709/10), abbot of Malmesbury, bishop of Sherborne, and scholar, was a prolific Latin author whose idiosyncratic style of composition in the media of prose and verse, both metrical and rhythmical, was profoundly influential both in England and on the continent up to the Norman conquest. His life is moderately well documented: ...

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 70910) drawing The British Library

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Benedict Biscop [St Benedict Biscop] (c. 628–689), abbot of Wearmouth and scholar, was born about 628 of a noble Northumbrian family, named in the life of Bishop Wilfrid by Stephen of Ripon (Eddius Stephanus) as Baducing. Bede provides the chief narrative for his life in the ...

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Bodi [Bode], John (fl. 1357), Benedictine monk and scholastic writer, graduated doctor of divinity at Oxford University. His institutional affiliation is not known, but he might have been attached to Gloucester College, which was established for monks of his order. His personal circumstances are known only from an incident in which a friar was ordered by the university to make a public apology for having made insulting references to him in a lecture of 20 December 1357. The following January ...

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Butler, Edward Joseph Aloysius [name in religion Cuthbert] (1858–1934), abbot of Downside and scholar, was born in Dublin on 6 May 1858, the only child of Edward Butler (d. 1902), barrister, and his wife, Mary Cruise (d. 1897). His father had been professor of mathematics in ...

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Byrhtferth of Ramsey (fl. c. 986–c. 1016), Benedictine monk and scholar, was the author of a substantial corpus of writing, in both Latin and Old English. Very little is known of his life beyond what can be gleaned from incidental references in his writings....

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Cornwall, Peter of (1139/40–1221), scholar and prior of Holy Trinity, Aldgate, was born on his father's estates in or near Launceston, Cornwall, the son of Jordan of Trecarrel (d. c.1180), sometime praepositus (or provost) of Launceston. In his Liber revelationum, book 1, chapter 6, he gives some account of his father's character, and he relates stories concerning his grandfather ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Dillon [de León], Thomas (1613–1690), Jesuit and scholar, was born in Ireland and was educated in Spain, where he entered the Society of Jesus at Seville in 1627. He was a teacher of the humanities at the Jesuit college of Cadiz, and later taught philosophy at ...

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Easton, Adam (c. 1330–1397), Benedictine monk, scholar, and ecclesiastic, was presumably a native of the village of Easton 6 miles north-west of Norwich. He became a monk of Norwich Cathedral priory, and there are some grounds for believing that the young novice found his religious community there 'a centre of lively theological controversy' (...

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Fridugisus [Frithugils, Nathanael] (d. 833), abbot and scholar, was called Frithugils in his native Old English and nicknamed Nathanael by his teacher Alcuin, whom he followed from York to the continent. There he sometimes served as an emissary and was later a teacher at the court school of the Frankish emperor ...

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See Farnborough scholars

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John the Old Saxon (fl. c. 885–904), scholar and abbot of Athelney, was invited to England by King Alfred and contributed to Alfred's revival of English learning. In his life of Alfred, the Welshman Asser reports that John 'was a man of most acute intelligence, immensely learned in all fields of literary endeavour, and extremely ingenious in many other forms of expression' (...

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Joseph Scottus (d. 791x804), abbot and scholar, was of Irish origins. Educated under the renowned Colcu, probably at Clonmacnoise in central Ireland, he later studied at York with Alcuin, probably in the 770s. The Frisian Liudger (later bishop of Münster) was also a student at ...

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James Tait

revised by James G. Clark

Legat, Hugh (fl. c. 1399–1427), scholar and prior of Redbourn, a native of Hertfordshire according to John Bale, was probably a member of the family that held a manor at Abbots Walden in that county, belonging to the Benedictine monks of St Albans...

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Martindale, Cyril Charlie (1879–1963), Jesuit and scholar, was born on 25 May 1879 in Kensington, London, the only child of Sir Arthur Henry Temple Martindale (1854–1942) and his first wife, Isabel Marion (d. 1879), daughter of Captain C. F. Mackenzie. Although the family originated in ...

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See Mathew, David James

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Laurentia Margaret McLachlan (1866–1953) by unknown photographer, 1923 Stanbrook Abbey Trustees

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McLachlan, Laurentia Margaret (1866–1953), abbess of Stanbrook and scholar, was born on 11 January 1866 at Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, and baptized Margaret at St Margaret's Church, Airdrie, the youngest of the seven children of Henry McLachlan (1828–1890), accountant, and his wife, Mary McAleese (1828–1900)...

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Neckam [Neckham, Nequam], Alexander (1157–1217), scholar and abbot of Cirencester, was born at St Albans, Hertfordshire, in September 1157, on the same night as Richard I. Alexander's mother, Hodierna, was chosen as Richard's foster mother; she suckled both children together. Alexander received his early education in the town of ...