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Samuel Adams (1722–1803) by John Singleton Copley, c. 1772 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Adams, Samuel (1722–1803), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 27 September 1722, one of three children (who survived to adulthood) of Samuel Adams (1689–1748) of Boston and his wife, Mary, née Fifield (d. after 1748). Adams inherited his political activism from his father, a brewer and member of the ...

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Aiken, Francis Thomas [Frank] (1898–1983), Irish revolutionary and politician, was born on 13 February 1898 at Carrickbracken, Camlough, co. Armagh, into a well-to-do farming family. He was the son of a James Aiken and his wife, Mary McGeeney. As well as being a farmer, his father was also a builder, responsible for many churches in ...

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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Ashe, John (1725–1781), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 24 March 1725 in Beaufort county, North Carolina, the eldest son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), and his wife, Elizabeth Swann. His father, a lawyer and member of the governor's council, owned extensive property in ...

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Ashe, Samuel (1725–1813), politician and judge in the United States of America, was born near Bath, Beaufort county, North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), a native of Wiltshire and a lawyer, and Elizabeth Swann (d. 1729). At the time of ...

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Barry, Thomas Bernardine (1897–1980), Irish revolutionary and folk hero, was born on 1 July 1897 in Killorglin, co. Kerry, the eldest son and second of eleven children of Thomas Barry, a policeman, and his wife, Margaret Donovan, both of co. Cork. After Tom...

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Josiah Bartlett (1729–1795) by John Trumbull, 1790 New Hampshire Historical Society

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Bartlett, Josiah (1729–1795), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 21 November 1729 in Amesbury, Massachusetts, the seventh and youngest child of Stephen Bartlett, a shoemaker, and his wife, Hannah Webster. Josiah had little schooling before being apprenticed to a relative, ...

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Bernard, Simon Francis (1817–1862), revolutionary, was born in rue des Études, carré des Pénitents Blancs, in Carcassonne, Aude, France, on 28 January 1817, the third son of Pierre Bernard (b. 1770/71), language teacher, and his wife, Gabrielle Rousseau. After some medical training he became a navy surgeon and in 1838 he took part in the expedition to ...

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Bland, Richard (1710–1776), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 6 May 1710 in Williamsburg, Virginia, the eldest son of Richard Bland (1665–1720) and his second wife, Elizabeth Randolph (d. 1720). Sometimes known as ‘the Antiquary’ for his extensive knowledge of legal and constitutional history, ...

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Henry James Boland (1887–1922) by unknown photographer, 1919 Getty Images

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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James Bowdoin (1726–1790) by Robert Feke, 1748 Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine, Bequest of Mrs Sarah Bowdoin Dearborn

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Bowdoin, James (1726–1790), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 7 August 1726 in Boston, Massachusetts, the youngest child of James Bowdoin (1676–1747), a prosperous merchant and landowner, and his second wife, Hannah Portage (d. 1734). Known in his youth as ...

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Brandreth, Jeremiah [called the Nottingham Captain] (1786/1790–1817), revolutionary politician, is of unknown parentage. In the absence of information about his parentage or early life, rumour abounded following Brandreth's apprehension for his part in the Pentrich rising of 1817. To some, his sallow complexion suggested either a Gypsy or Irish provenance, while ...

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Jeremiah Brandreth (1786/17901790–1817) by George Cruikshank, 1817 © The Trustees of the British Museum

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Brennan, Michael [Mícheál] (1896–1986), Irish revolutionary and general, was born on 2 February 1896 at Gortgarraun, near Meelick, co. Clare, the youngest of three rebel sons of Patrick Brennan, a tenant farmer (1865–1901), and Mary (1862/3–1939), daughter of Michael Clancy from Rathurd, co. Limerick...

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Brooksbank [née Soutar], Mary Watson (1897–1978), revolutionary and songwriter, was born on 15 December 1897 at 29 Shiprow, Aberdeen, the only daughter of five children born to Alexander Soutar (1867–1953), dock labourer and founding member of Aberdeen Dockers' Union, and his wife, ...

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Bryan, George (1731–1791), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 August 1731 in Dublin, the fourth of eight children, and eldest son, of Samuel Bryan, merchant, and his wife, Sarah Dennis. His parents were Irish Presbyterians. In 1752 his father thought him sufficiently schooled in trade and sent him to ...