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Child, Robert (1613–1654), physician and agriculturist, was born in Northfleet, Kent, the son of John Child. His brother Major John Child was commander of a Kentish regiment, and was one of the commissioned officers who took part in the Kentish insurrection of 1648. ...

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Eliot, Jared (1685–1763), Congregationalist minister in America, physician, and writer on agriculture, was born on 7 November 1685 in Guilford, Connecticut, the first of four children of Joseph Eliot (1638–1694), Congregational minister, and Mary Wyllys. Eliot entered Harvard College in 1699 but studied there only a year. When ...

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Kemp [Kempe], William (1554/5–1628), landowner and sufferer from melancholia, was the eldest son of Robert Kemp of Spain's Hall, Finchingfield, Essex, and his wife, Elizabeth Heigham. He had at least two younger brothers and two sisters. Under a contract dated 10 October 1588 he married ...

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John Mackenzie (1803–1886) by J. Collier, 1867 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mackenzie, John (1803–1886), physician and landowner, was born in Scotland on 23 November 1803, the fourth of the five sons of Sir Hector Mackenzie of Gairloch, fourth baronet (1758–1826), and his second wife, Christian, née Henderson. He was educated at Edinburgh University, graduating as a physician (DM) in 1824, and as a surgeon in 1825; he became a lifelong friend of ...

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Maddock, James (1718–1786), nurseryman and florist, was born on 10 August 1718, at Eaton, Cheshire, the son of Mordecai and Sarah Maddock, active members of the Religious Society of Friends. Maddock made his reputation as a nurseryman first in Lancashire, at Warrington, but after a period working in ...

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Mantell, Joshua (1795–1865), surgeon and horticulturist, was born on 3 November 1795 at St Mary's Lane, Lewes, the fourth son of Thomas Mantell (1750–1807), shoemaker, and his wife, Sarah Austen (1755–1828). Though hunchbacked and desultory, Mantell displayed an aptitude for science and eventually gave several public lectures on chemical topics to local audiences. In 1821 he managed a stationer's shop in ...

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Menzies, Archibald (1754–1842), naval surgeon and botanical collector, was born at the house of Styx or Stix, near Aberfeldy, Perthshire, on 15 March 1754, the son of James and Ann Menzies. He had three brothers and four sisters, and was educated at the parish school at ...

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Redfern, William (1774/5?–1833), convict surgeon and pastoralist in Australia, had relatives in Londonderry, Wiltshire, and possibly Canada, but details are unknown. He acquired the diploma of the London Company of Surgeons in January 1797 and immediately joined HMS Standard as surgeon's first mate. Later that year he provided medical care and probably moral support to the mutineers at the ...

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William L. Weipers

revised by Linda Warden

Ritchie, Sir John Neish (1904–1977), veterinary surgeon, was born on 19 January 1904 in Turriff, Aberdeenshire, the youngest of three sons in a family of five children of John Neish Ritchie, a general merchant of Schoolhill, Turriff, and his wife, Annie Watson, who was for some time a governess in ...

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Sloane, Sir Hans, baronet (1660–1753), physician and collector, was born at Killyleagh, co. Down, on 16 April 1660, the seventh son of Alexander Sloane (d. 1666). His father, a protestant, was by profession agent for James Hamilton, second Viscount Claneboye and later earl of Clanbrassill...

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Sir Hans Sloane, baronet (1660–1753) by Stephen Slaughter, 1736 © National Portrait Gallery, London