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Joseph Ashby (1859–1919) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Ashby, Joseph (1859–1919), farmer and social reformer, was born in Tysoe in Warwickshire on 13 June 1859, the son of an unmarried servant, Elizabeth Ashby. His father was the husband of Elizabeth's mistress, yet, common as such births were, Ashby's was in some ways different. His father provided for him but his mother, a fiercely independent woman, refused to use the money. More importantly his mother's branch of the ...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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See Clarke, William John Turner

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Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist, was born at Camberwell, London, on 4 September 1865, the second of the three sons of John Mason Cook (1834–1899), travel agent [see under Cook, Thomas], and Emma, daughter of Thomas William Hodges...

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Cottle, Thomas John (1761–1828), plantation owner and philanthropist, was the eldest of the four children of Thomas Cottle (1726–1765), solicitor-general of St Kitts, Leeward Islands, West Indies. Cottle inherited the Round Hill plantation on the neighbouring island of Nevis from his father. He became a member of the ...

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See Craven, Sir William

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Elkington, Joseph (bap. 1740, d. 1806), farmer and designer of land drainage systems, was baptized on 1 January 1740, the eldest son of Joseph Elkington (1697–1758), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Gallimore (d. 1750), at Stretton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire. He married on 26 December 1760 ...

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Lady Rachael Fane (bap. 1613, d. 1680) studio of Sir Anthony Van Dyck Christie's Images Ltd. (2005)

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Fane, Lady Rachael [married namesRachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor, was baptized at Mereworth, Kent, on 28 January 1613, one of the fourteen children of Sir Francis Fane (1583/4–1629), later ...

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C. H. Derby

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Fleetwood, Thomas (1659x61–1717), owner and reclaimer of land, was the eldest of the family of three sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Fleetwood, baronet (1628–1721), of Calwich, Staffordshire, and his wife, Anne (1623/4–1720), daughter of Sir Edward Golding, baronet, of Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire...

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Gilbert, Thomas (bap. 1720, d. 1798), land agent and poor law reformer, was baptized on 26 January 1720 in Cotton, Staffordshire, the eldest son of Thomas Gilbert, a small landowner engaged in farming and mining, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was admitted to the ...

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Thomas Gilbert (bap. 1720, d. 1798) by unknown artist, c. 1790 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Henson, Josiah (1789–1883), escaped slave, slavery abolitionist, and Methodist minister, was born on 15 June 1789 in Charles county, Maryland, USA, one of six children of slave parents. He experienced the harsh realities of slavery early in life. He saw his father receive 100 lashes and then have his ear cut off as punishment for defending his mother from the plantation overseer. His father was then sold south and was never heard from again. ...

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Lombe [formerly Beevor], Edward (1798/9–1852), landowner and philanthropist, was the son of Edward Beevor, a barrister. He succeeded his father in 1847 as tenant for life to the Lombe estate of Melton Hall, Wymondham, Norfolk, both having taken, by act of parliament...

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Long, Edward (1734–1813), planter and commentator on Jamaican affairs, was born on 23 August 1734 at Rosilion, St Blazey, Cornwall, the fourth son of Samuel Long (1700–1757) of Longville, Jamaica, Tredudwell, Cornwall, and Bloomsbury, London, and Mary (bap. 1701, d. 1765), second daughter and coheir of ...

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McLaren [née Pochin], Laura Elizabeth, Lady Aberconway (1854–1933), campaigner for women's rights and horticulturist, was born at Camp Street, Broughton, Lancashire, on 14 May 1854, the only surviving daughter of Henry Davis Pochin (1824–1895), industrial chemist and MP, and his wife, Agnes Pochin, ...

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Laura Elizabeth McLaren, Lady Aberconway (1854–1933) by James Tissot, 1878 Collection of Lord Aberconway

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Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...