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E. I. Carlyle

revised by William T. Stearn

Bateman, James (1812–1897), horticulturist and botanist, was born on 18 July 1812 at Redivals, near Bury in Lancashire, the only child of John Bateman (1782–1858), banker, ironfounder, and manufacturer, of Knypersley Hall in Staffordshire and Tolson Hall in Westmorland, and his wife, Elizabeth (...

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Bobart [Bobert], Jacob, the elder (c. 1599–1680), botanist and gardener, was born at Brunswick. After a period as a soldier, during which he added a working knowledge of English and Latin to his native tongue, he settled in Oxford, possibly as an innkeeper, before being appointed superintendent of the university's new physic garden, apparently shortly before 1641, by its founder, the ...

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Don, George (1798–1856), botanist and plant collector, was born at Doo Hillock, Forfarshire, Scotland, on 17 May 1798, the eldest of the five sons of George Don (1764–1814), clockmaker turned nurseryman, who discovered many highland plants new to Scotland, and principal gardener (1802–6) at the ...

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B. D. Jackson

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Grigor, James (c. 1811–1848), nurseryman and botanist, lived and worked in Old Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk. He was the author of the Eastern Arboretum, or, Register of Remarkable Trees, Seats, Gardens … in the County of Norfolk (1841), illustrated with fifty etched plates, issued in fifteen numbers. In the preface ...

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Henry, Augustine (1857–1930), botanical collector and dendrologist, was born on 2 July 1857 in Dundee, the first of six children of Bernard Henry (c.1825–1891) and Mary MacNamee. His father, at one time a gold-prospector in California and Australia, was a native of the townland of ...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by P. E. Kell

Knowlton, Thomas (1691–1781), gardener and botanist, was born at Chislehurst, Kent, and baptized there on 6 September 1691, the eldest of the five sons of William Knowlton and Ann Stokes. Little is known of his early life. In 1720 he was employed as a gardener by ...

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Lindley, John (1799–1865), botanist and horticulturist, was born on 5 February 1799 at Catton, near Norwich, the first of the four children of George Lindley (c.1769–1835), a nurseryman of Yorkshire extraction, and his wife, Mary (née Moore). He was educated under ...

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Maund, Benjamin (bap. 1790, d. 1864), botanist and horticulturist, was born at Terrills in Tenbury, Worcestershire, and baptized on 7 November 1790, the middle son of Owen Maund (c.1753–1813), a farmer, and his wife, Mary (c.1761–1848). His published works testify to his having had some formal education before he was apprenticed, on 5 December 1806, to ...

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Monson [née Vane; other married name Hope-Vere], Lady Anne (c. 1727–1776), botanist and collector of plants and insects, was the eldest daughter of Henry Vane, first earl of Darlington (c.1705–1758), and his wife, Lady Grace Fitzroy (1697–1763); she was thus a great-granddaughter of ...

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Moore [Moir, Muir], David (1808–1879), horticulturist and botanist, was born on 23 April 1808 at Dundee, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of Charles Moir (b. 1782), gardener, and Helen Rattray (1784–1832); David's baptismal record has their surname spelled Moir, but by 1830 the family had adopted the spelling ...

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See More, Richard

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Salisbury [formerly Markham], Richard Anthony (1761–1829), botanist and horticulturist, was born in Leeds on 2 May 1761, the only son (there were also two daughters) of Richard Markham, a Leeds cloth merchant. His mother was descended from Jonathan Laycock of Shaw Hill...

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Richard Anthony Salisbury (1761–1829) by William John Burchell, 1817 © Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: reproduced by kind permission of the Director and the Board of Trustees

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Scott, John (1836–1880), botanist and gardener, was born on 5 April 1836 at Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland, the son of Robert Scott, a tenant farmer, and his wife, Helen Turnbull. He had one elder sister. At the age of four Scott became an orphan and was brought up by an aunt and educated at the parish school. During this time he developed an interest in botany, a passion which was encouraged by his cousin, the ...

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Smith, John (1798–1888), botanist and horticulturist, was born on 5 October 1798 at Aberdour, Fife, the son of Alexander Smith, gardener, and his wife, Mary Pye. A basic schooling at Pittenweem, near Grangemuir, ended prematurely when his father lost an apprentice and saw that as an opening for his son in his place. On completing his apprenticeship, ...

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Somerset [née Capel], Mary, duchess of Beaufort (bap. 1630, d. 1715), gardener and botanist, was baptized on 16 December 1630 at Hadham Parva, Hertfordshire, the eldest daughter of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649), and Elizabeth (d. 1661), daughter and heir of ...