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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...

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Bodrugan [Trenowith], Sir Henry (c. 1426–1487x1503), landowner and rebel, sometimes called Henry Trenowith, was the son and heir of Sir William Bodrugan of Newham, Cornwall (c.1398–1441), and of Philippa, daughter of Sir John Arundel of Lanherne, Cornwall (fl. 1426–1450). He was descended through his paternal great-grandmother, ...

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Bulloch, Archibald Stobo (1730–1777), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of James Bulloch (1701–1780) clergyman and planter, and Jean Stobo. Archibald studied law and was admitted to the bar before 1758, when he moved to ...

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Carroll, Charles [called the Barrister] (1723–1783), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 22 March 1723, at King George Street, Annapolis, Maryland, the eldest of three children of Charles Carroll (1691–1755), physician and ironmaster, and his first wife, Dorothy Blake...

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Drayton, William Henry (1742–1779), planter and revolutionary leader in America, was born in September 1742 at Drayton Hall, St Andrew's parish, South Carolina, the son of John Drayton (1713?–1779), a wealthy planter and public official, and Charlotta (1719–1743), daughter of Lieutenant-Governor William Bull...

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Fitzgerald, Sir John (c. 1540–1582), rebel and landowner, was the second legitimate son of James fitz John Fitzgerald, thirteenth earl of Desmond (d. 1558), and More or Maud (d. 1548), daughter of Sir Mulroney MacShane O'Carroll, lord of Ely O'Carroll. Fitzgerald spent his formative years learning the intricacies of local politics and warfare with his brother ...

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Fitzgerald, John fitz Edmund (d. 1589), landowner and rebel, was the son of Edmund fitz Maurice Fitzgerald, seneschal of Imokilly, and Shylie, daughter of Mulroney O'Carroll, lord of Ely O'Carroll. He married Honora, daughter of James fitz Maurice Fitzgerald, with whom he had two sons, ...

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Fitzmaurice, Patrick, seventeenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (c. 1551–1600), landowner and rebel, was the eldest of five children of Thomas Fitzmaurice, sixteenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (c. 1502–1590), landowner and rebel, and his first wife, Margaret (d. c.1564), daughter of ...

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Fitzmaurice, Thomas, sixteenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (c. 1502–1590), landowner and rebel, the fourth son of Edmund Fitzmaurice, tenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (d. 1543), and his wife, Úna, daughter of Tadhg MacMahon. He was born in co. Kerry, probably at ...

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Benjamin Harrison (c. 1726–1791) by unknown artist The Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia

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Harrison, Benjamin (c. 1726–1791), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was probably born at Berkeley, the family residence, in Charles City county, Virginia, the oldest surviving son of Benjamin Harrison (1701–1744/5), a prosperous planter, and Anne Carter (b. c.1699), the daughter of ...

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Johnston, Samuel (1733–1816), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 15 December 1733 in Dundee, the son of Samuel Johnston (1702–1757) and Helen, née Scrymsoure (d. 1750). In 1735 his parents moved to North Carolina where his uncle, Gabriel Johnston...

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Richard Henry Lee (1733–1794) by Charles Willson Peale, c. 1785 Independence National Historical Park

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Lee, Richard Henry (1733–1794), revolutionary politician and planter in America, was born on 20 January 1733 in Westmoreland county, Virginia, the fourth of eight surviving children of Thomas Lee (1690–1750) and Hannah (1701–1750), daughter of Philip Ludwell of Green Spring, Virginia, and his wife, ...

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Lumley, John, fifth Baron Lumley (b. in or before 1492, d. 1545), landowner and rebel, of Lumley, co. Durham, was born in or before 1492, being at least eighteen in 1510. He was the son and heir of Richard Lumley, fourth Baron Lumley...

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T. F. Tout

revised by R. R. Davies

Mortimer, Sir Edmund (1376–1408/9), landowner and rebel, was the youngest child of Edmund (III) Mortimer, third earl of March (1352–1381), and his wife, Philippa (b. 1355, d. before 1381), the daughter of Lionel, duke of Clarence, and heiress of Ulster. He was born at ...

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O'Brien, Conor, third earl of Thomond (c. 1535–1581), landowner and rebel, was the eldest son of Donough O'Brien, second earl of Thomond (c.1515–1553), and Helen, youngest daughter of Piers Butler, eighth earl of Ormond. He was the first O'Brien to inherit the earldom since ...

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O'Neill, Sir Phelim Roe [Felim Ruadh] (1603–1653), landowner and insurgent, was the eldest son of Tirlough Oge O'Neill (d. 1608), landowner and heir to Sir Henry Oge O'Neill of Kinnard from co. Tyrone, and Catherine, daughter of Tirlough McHenry O'Neill of the ...

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Sir Phelim Roe O'Neill (1603–1653) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Osgod Clapa (d. 1054), landowner and exile, whose byname means 'a coarse, rough person', is usually assumed to be a Dane who followed King Cnut to England. He may, however, have been a descendant of Osgod, Eadulf's son, kinsman of Theodred, bishop of ...