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Gainsborough, Thomas (1727–1788), painter and printmaker, was probably born in Sudbury, Suffolk, and was baptized there at the Independent Meeting-House in Friars Street on 14 May 1727, the fifth son and ninth child of John Gainsborough (c.1683–1748), publican, clothier, and postmaster, and his wife, ...

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Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788) self-portrait, c. 1787 © Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2004

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Thomas Jones (1742–1803) by Giuseppe Marchi, 1768 © National Museums and Galleries of Wales

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Jones, Thomas (1742–1803), landscape painter, was born on 26 September 1742 at Trefonnen, near Llandrindod, Radnorshire, the second of sixteen children (nine surviving infancy) of Thomas Jones of Trefonnen (1711–1782), landowner, and his wife (and first cousin), Hannah Jones (1721–1789). Both his parents were dissenters. ...

Article

See Jupp, Richard

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David Lucas (1802–1881) attrib. Robert William Satchwell, c. 1820 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lucas, David (1802–1881), mezzotint engraver, was born on 18 August 1802 in Geddington Chase, between Rushton and Brigstock, Northamptonshire, the eldest of seven children of Charles Lucas (1765/6–1852), farmer and grazier, and his wife, Sarah (1775/6–1849). He was baptized in Brigstock's Independent church on 28 January 1808. In April 1820, while working on his father's farm in ...

Article

Peate, Iorwerth Cyfeiliog (1901–1982), museum curator and scholar, was born on 27 February 1901 at Glan-llyn in the village of Pandy Rhiwsaeson in the parish of Llanbrynmair in Montgomeryshire, the younger son and third child of George Howard Peate (1869–1938), a craftsman–carpenter and teacher, and ...

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Iorwerth Cyfeiliog Peate (1901–1982) by Geoff Charles, 1946 [opening the art and craft exhibition of the national eisteddfod, Mountain Ash] by courtesy of the National Library of Wales

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L. H. Cust

revised by Annette Peach

Phillips, Giles Firman (1780–1867), landscape painter, was born in January 1780 in Houndsditch, City of London, and baptized on 28 January 1780 at White Row Chapel, Spitalfields, London, the son of John Phillips, a coal merchant, and his wife, Dorothy Pawsey. He was known for his landscapes in watercolours, his favourite subjects being views on the ...

Article

Taylor, Charles (1756–1823), engraver and biblical scholar, was born on 1 February 1756 near Brentwood, Essex, the eldest of the five children of Isaac Taylor (1730–1807), engraver, and his wife, Sarah Hackshaw Jefferys (1733–1809). Evidence about his schooling is unclear, but he probably spent time at ...

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Taylor, Isaac (1759–1829), engraver and educationist, was born in London on 30 January 1759, the second son of Isaac Taylor (1730–1807), engraver, and his wife, Sarah Hackshaw, née Jefferys (1733–1809). He spent his early years at Shenfield, Essex, and was first educated locally, probably at ...