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Alison, Archibald (1757–1839), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and writer on aesthetics, was born in Edinburgh, the son of Archibald Alison (1730–1794), lord provost of the city, originally of Newhall, Coupar Angus, and Margaret Harte (d. 1811), of Listerick, near Edinburgh. Alison was educated at ...

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Archibald Alison (1757–1839) by William Walker, pubd 1823 (after Sir Henry Raeburn) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Robert Rowand Anderson (1834–1921) by W. Graham Boss, in or before 1895 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Anderson, Sir Robert Rowand (1834–1921), architect, was born on 5 April 1834 in Edinburgh, the younger son and third of the four children of James Anderson, a solicitor, and his wife, Margaret Rowand of Glasgow. Anderson studied at George Watson's Hospital, Edinburgh, from 1841 to 1848, before leaving to take up a legal apprenticeship for four years. This he abandoned in 1852, when he joined the office of ...

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Boase, Thomas Sherrer Ross (1898–1974), art historian and university teacher, was born in Dundee on 31 August 1898, the only son and elder child of Charles Millet Boase, the manager and part owner of a bleaching mill at Claverhouse outside Dundee, and his wife, ...

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Bough, Samuel (1822–1878), landscape and marine painter, was born on 8 January 1822 at Abbey Street, Carlisle, the third of five children of James Bough (1794–1845), shoemaker, and Lucy Walker (1785–1836), a cook. He was baptized at St Mary's Church on 10 February. ...

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Dyce, William (1806–1864), painter and educationist, the fifth of fourteen children of William Dyce (1770–1836), a lecturer in medicine at Marischal College, was born on 19 September 1806 at 48 Marischal Street, Aberdeen. His mother was Margaret, daughter of James Chalmers of Westburn...

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William Dyce (1806–1864) by John Partridge, 1825 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bertha Porter

revised by Charles McKean

Henderson, John (1804–1862), architect, was born on 1 March 1804 at Brechin, Forfarshire, the son of John Henderson, one of Lord Panmure's gardeners at Brechin Castle, and his wife, Agnes Thomson. Apprenticed as a carpenter, he studied building and construction before working as an assistant in the office of ...

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Kinross, John (1855–1931), architect, was born on 3 July 1855 at Shore Road, Stirling, the second of four sons of William Kinross (1810–1874), carriage builder, and his second wife, Ann (1821–1899), née Marshall. Kinross attended Stirling high school from 1865 to 1870. He took an architectural apprenticeship with ...

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Lindsay, David Alexander Robert, twenty-eighth earl of Crawford and eleventh earl of Balcarres (1900–1975), connoisseur of the arts and politician, was born on 20 November 1900 at 49 Moray Place, Edinburgh, the son of David Alexander Edward Lindsay, twenty-seventh earl of Crawford and ...

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David Alexander Robert Lindsay, twenty-eighth earl of Crawford and eleventh earl of Balcarres (1900–1975) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lockhart, Sir James Haldane Stewart (1858–1937), colonial official and art collector, was born on 25 May 1858 in the ancestral home of Ardsheal in Argyll, Scotland, the sixth of the nine children of Miles Lockhart and his wife, Anna Rebecca Charlotte Stewart (...

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Kenneth MacLeay the younger (1802–1878) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1843–8 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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MacLeay, Kenneth, the younger (1802–1878), painter, was born in Oban, Argyll, on 19 July 1802 and baptized there on 21 July. He was the second of the three sons of Kenneth MacLeay the elder [see below] and his second wife, Flora (...

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Malcolm, John, of Poltalloch (1805–1893), art collector and landowner, was the second surviving son of Neill Malcolm (1769–1837), twelfth laird of Poltalloch [see under Malcolm family of Poltalloch], who owned extensive landed estates in Argyll and sugar plantations in Jamaica, and his wife, ...

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Maxwell, Sir William Stirling, ninth baronet (1818–1878), art historian, historian, and book collector, was born William Stirling on 8 March 1818 at Kenmure House, Kirkintilloch, near Glasgow, the only son of Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder (1769–1847) and Elizabeth Maxwell (1793–1822), daughter of ...

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Sir William Stirling Maxwell, ninth baronet (1818–1878) by George Richmond, c. 1856 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Playfair, William Henry (1790–1857), architect, was born in London on 7 July 1790, the younger son of the expatriate architect James Playfair (1755–1794), who died when William was four, and his wife, Jessie. That his widow sold her husband's drawings to Sir John Soane...

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William Henry Playfair (1790–1857) by J. Balfour Smyth (after Sir John Watson-Gordon) © National Portrait Gallery, London