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Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan (1914–1944) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Khan, Noor-un-Nisa Inayat (1914–1944), special operations officer, was born on 2 January 1914 in Moscow, the eldest of four children of Hazrat Inayat Khan (1882–1927), a Sufi religious teacher and musician, and his wife, Ora Ray Baker (1890–1949). Her father was descended from the last Mughal ...

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Deen Mahomed (1759–1851) by Thomas Mann Baynes Wellcome Library, London

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Mahomed, Deen [formerly Deen Mahomet] (1759–1851), shampooing surgeon and restaurateur, was born Deen Mahomet in May 1759, in Patna, Bihar, India, the younger son of an Indian officer in the East India Company's Bengal army. Both parents were Shi'i Muslims claiming descent from ...

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Montagu, Edward Wortley (1713–1776), traveller and criminal, was born in London on 16 May 1713, the elder child and only son of Edward Wortley Montagu (1678–1761), MP, diplomat, and entrepreneur, and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (bap. 1689, d. 1762), writer and traveller. In 1716 ...

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See Indian visitors

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D. J. O'Donoghue

revised by Jason Edwards

Norcott, William (1770?c. 1820), satirist, was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated BA in 1795, proceeding LLB in 1801, and LLD in 1806. He was called to the Irish bar in 1797, and practised with some success for a time, but was not entirely committed to a career in law, preferring instead various kinds of social amusements....

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Pearce [alias Clark], Nathaniel (1779–1820), traveller, was born on 14 February 1779 at East Acton, Middlesex. Incorrigibly unruly, he was sent to boarding-school at Thirsk, Yorkshire; twice apprenticed to London tradesmen, he twice ran away to sea, the second time joining a naval vessel. In May 1794 he was captured by the French, but eventually succeeded in escaping; he then served on various naval and merchant ships, meeting many adventures round the world. Having survived a shipwreck off ...

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Philby, Harry St John Bridger (1885–1960), explorer and Arabist, was born at St John's, Badulla, Ceylon, on 3 April 1885, the second son of Harry Montagu Philby (d. 1913), a coffee planter, and his wife, Queenie (1864–1950), known as May, daughter of ...

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Harry St John Bridger Philby (1885–1960) self-portrait, 1917–18 The Royal Geographical Society, London

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Pickthall, Marmaduke William (1875–1936), writer and translator, was born on 7 April 1875 in Cambridge Terrace, London, the eldest of the two sons of the Revd Charles Grayson Pickthall (1822–1881), rector of Chillesford in Suffolk, and his second wife, Mary Hale, née O'Brien (1836–1904)...

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Picton, Cesar [Caesar] (1754/5–1836), coal merchant, was a native of Senegal who was brought to England in 1761 at the age of six to be presented, along with a parakeet and a duck, to Sir John Philipps, sixth baronet, of Norbiton Place, Kingston, Surrey...

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Stanley, Henry Edward John, third Baron Stanley of Alderley and second Baron Eddisbury (1827–1903), diplomatist and orientalist, born at Alderley Park, Chelford, near Crewe, on 11 July 1827, was the eldest of the ten children of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Verney, Sir Francis (1584–1615), pirate, was the elder son of Edmund Verney (1535–1600) of Penley, Hertfordshire, and Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire, who was knighted in 1597 or 1598. Sir Edmund's first marriage had been childless and Francis's mother was his second wife, Audrey (1543–1588)...

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Winn, Rowland George Allanson Allanson-, fifth Baron Headley (1855–1935), civil engineer and convert to Islam, was born on 19 January 1855 in London, the only son in the family of four children of the Hon. Rowland Allanson-Winn (1816–1888) and his wife, Margaretta Stephana (...

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Rowland George Allanson Allanson- Winn, fifth Baron Headley (1855–1935) by Bassano, 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London