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Huxley, Aldous Leonard (1894–1963), writer, was born at Laleham, a house near Godalming, Surrey, on 26 July 1894, the third son of Leonard Huxley (1860–1933), an assistant master at Charterhouse School and subsequently editor of the Cornhill Magazine, and his first wife, Julia Frances Huxley (...

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Aldous Leonard Huxley (1894–1963) by Man Ray, 1934 © Man Ray Trust / ADAGP, Paris, and DACS, London 2010; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Roy, Manabendra Nath (1887–1954), international communist leader and ideologist, was born Narendra Nath Bhattacharya on 21 March 1887, according to family tradition, in Arbalia village, near Calcutta, the fourth child of Dinabandhu Bhattacharya, a village teacher. He was educated locally but, like many Bengali young men of the period, he held as his major concern the anti-colonial struggle, and from 1905 he became deeply involved with the revolutionary groups that had sprung up at that time. In 1915 he left ...