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Chaudhurani, Sarala Devi (1872–1945), political activist and campaigner for women's rights in India, was born on 9 September 1872 at Jorasanko, Calcutta, the younger daughter and youngest of the three children of Janakinath Ghosal (1840–1913), son of a local zamindar of Krishnanagar, and a supporter of the ...

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Niladri Ranjan Chatterjee

Chaudhuri, Nirad Chandra (1897–1999), writer, was born on 23 November 1897 in Kishoregunj, in the district of Mymensingh, East Bengal, India (now in Bangladesh), the second of eight children of Upendra Narayan Chaudhuri (1867–1934), a lawyer, and his wife, Sushila Sundarani Chaudhurani...

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Das, Chittaranjan (1870–1925), Indian nationalist and barrister, was born on 5 November 1870 in Calcutta, the second child and eldest son of Bhuban Mohan Das, a solicitor of the Calcutta high court, and his wife, Nistarini Devi. His youngest brother, P. R. Das...

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Dutt, Romesh Chunder [Rameshchandra Datta] (1848–1909), administrator in India and author, son of Ishanchandra and Thakamani Dutt, was born in Calcutta on 13 August 1848. He came from one of the Calcutta families who had prospered through their commercial associations with the British ...

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Romesh Chunder Dutt [Rameshchandra Datta] (1848–1909) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ganguly [née Basu], Kadambini (c. 1862–1923), physician and political activist, was born in Bhagalpur, a town in eastern India (now in the state of Bihar) where her father, Brajakishore Basu, was headmaster of a school. He was an active member of the reformist ...

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Ghose, Manmohan (1869–1924), poet and university teacher, was born on 19 January 1869 at Bhagalpur, Bihar, India, the second son of Krishna Dhan Ghose (1844–1892/3), a civil medical officer in Bengal, and his wife, Swarnalata Basu (b. 1852), the eldest daughter of ...

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Roy, Rammohun (1772?–1833), political and religious thinker, was born in Radhanagar, Burdwan district, Bengal, the youngest of three children of Ramkanta Roy (d. 1803), a zamindar (landholder), and his second wife, Tarini Devi. He had an elder sister, an elder brother, ...

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Keshub Chunder Sen (1838–1884) by London Stereoscopic Co. © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sen, Keshub Chunder (1838–1884), religious reformer, second son of Pyarimohan (d. 1848/9) and Saradasundari (née Das) Sen, was born in Calcutta on 19 November 1838. His grandfather, Ramkamal Sen, diwan of both the Bengal Bank and the mint at Calcutta...

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S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Tapan Raychaudhuri

Sinha, Satyendra Prasanno, first Baron Sinha (1863–1928), politician, was born on 24 March 1863 at the village of Raipur in the Birbhum district of Bengal, the youngest son of Sitikantha Sinha, a Kayastha zamindar and middle-ranking bureaucrat. He passed the entrance examination from ...

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Tagore, Rabindranath (1861–1941), poet and educationist, was born on 7 May 1861 at 6 Dwarkanath Tagore Lane, Jorasanko, Calcutta, the fourteenth child and eighth son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) [see under Tagore family] and Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). The author Swarnakumari Devi...

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Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1912 by courtesy of the Estate of Sir William Rothenstein; photograph courtesy of the Tate Gallery, London